Medical Pioneer. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, he was noted as the father of modern neurological surgery and earned a worldwide reputation in the medical field. After graduating from Yale University in 1891, he earned a Medical degree from Harvard Medical School in 1895 and had an internship at the Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1913, he was awarded the prestigious position in the Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons by the United Kingdom and Ireland. He was also elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1914. In this period, he discovered the Cushing’s syndrome that referred to a tumor in the pituitary gland. He also pioneered the first methods for successful brain surgery. During World War I, he served as a Colonel in the US Army Medical Corps, Europe. After the war, he returned to his medical researches, was awarded the prestigious Cameron Prize, (1924-25) and the Pulitzer Prize in the Biography or Autobiography, in 1926. Plus he authored over 300 books about his offerings to medicine and surgery. He retired as the Chief of Surgery at the Peter Bent Bringham Hospital, in 1932. He died at the age of 70 in New Haven, Connecticut.
Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith
Katharine Stone Crowell Cushing
1870–1949 (m. 1902)