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 Henry Constantine Wayne

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Henry Constantine Wayne

  • Birth 8 Sep 1815 Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, USA
  • Death 15 Mar 1883 Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, USA
  • Burial Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, USA
  • Plot Lot 125
  • Memorial ID 5352

Military Figure, Confederate Brigadier General. He is probably best remembered for commanding the expedition to test the US Camel Corps as a means of transportation in the American West as an alternative to using pack mules or horses. The son of US Supreme Court Associate Justice James Moore Wayne, he received an appointment to the US Military Academy at West Point, New York and in 1838 he graduated with a 2nd lieutenant's commission in Artillery. He participated in the international boundary dispute between the US State of Maine and the British colony of New Brunswick (referred to as the Aroostook War) however no combat ensued. In 1841 he returned to West Point as an assistant instructor of artillery and cavalry and was promoted to the rank of 1st lieutenant the following year. When the Mexican-American War broke out in April 1846, he volunteered to join the fight and was brevetted with the rank of major in the Quartermaster Corps for his actions at the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco. Following the war, he was in charge of the clothing bureau of the Quartermaster-General's office in Washington DC. During this time, he became friends with fellow quartermaster officer George H. Crossman who suggested using camels to move people and supplies in the newly acquired territory of the American West. He proposed the idea to US Senator Jefferson Davis and when Davis became the Secretary of War under President Franklin Pierce in 1853, he obtained funding from Congress to test the concept. Wayne led and expedition to the Middle East and purchased 57 camels from Egypt, Turkey, and Tunisia and brought them back to the US, with 41 more camels arriving at a later date. In 1858 he received a first-class gold medal from the Societe imperiale zoologique d'acclimatation of Paris, for the successful introduction and acclimation of the camel in the US. The War Department proposed to purchase 1,000 additional camels but the outbreak of the American Civil War put an end to the experiment. Following Abraham Lincoln's victory as US President in 1860, he resigned his commission in the US Army to join the Confederate cause and became the adjutant and inspector-general of Georgia. In December 1861 he was commissioned a Confederate brigadier general and saw limited duty at Manassas, Virginia before resigning his commission and returning to Georgia to resume his adjutant and inspector-general duties. In November 1864 he briefly led Confederate forces at the Battle of Balls' Ferry in Georgia but was unsuccessful in halting Union forces from crossing the Oconee River during General William T. Sherman's famous March to the Sea. In 1857 he authored "The Sword Exercise, arranged for Military Instruction." He died at the age of 67.

Bio by: William Bjornstad

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 3 May 1999
  • Find A Grave Memorial 5352
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Henry Constantine Wayne (8 Sep 1815–15 Mar 1883), Find A Grave Memorial no. 5352, citing Laurel Grove Cemetery (North), Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .