Lemuel was the son of Reuben and Esther Bingham Long, of Connecticut. He farmed 160 acres about eight miles from Fort Dodge, from 1856 until his death in 1903. He built the first house on the prairie in Deer Creek Township, in 1856. There were others already living in the Deer Creek Township portion of Webster County when he arrived, but these families were living along the creek and river bottoms rather than on the prairie. The first year the Long family arrived from Michigan, there occurred the famous Spirit Lake Massacre. "Every day the Long Family hurried to get the chores done before sunset and, gaining the shelter of the cabin, hung quilts at the windows so that lights wouldn't shine out across the prairie and attract marauding Indians. Guns and crowbars were kept handy for defense."
Lemuel was married twice, and was the father of 13 children: Reuben, Charles, Mary Melinda, Nancy Emily, Martha, Eli Daniel, Ada Agnes, Joseph, Esther Adaline, Erastus E., Ellen M., Pattie Mae, and George Lemuel.
Lemuel Long died at age 89, after undergoing a hernia operation on the kitchen table.
BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD AND PORTRAIT ALBUM OF WEBSTER AND HAMILTON COUNTIES, IOWA (1888), p. 448-449:
"Lemuel Long, a pioneer of Webster County, resides on section 34, Deer Creek Township, where he settled in 1856. He was born in Connecticut, October 29, 1813, a son of Reuben and Esther Long, members of old families of that State. Reuben Long was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, serving toward the close of that struggle. In 1816 the family moved to Erie County, New York, then the western frontier of civilization, and there the parents died. They had a family of ten children, three of whom are living -- Nancy, widow of Eleazer Hunt, now of New York; Lemuel and Charles, who resides on the old homestead in Erie County. Lemuel Long was reared in Erie County, and remembers when that county was still a wilderness. In the spring of 1835 he started, in company with a schoolmate named John Flint, for Kalamazoo County, Michigan, and there entered eighty acres of land, paying for it with money he had earned. He took with him to Michigan a team, which he had also bought with money he had earned, buying them as colts when but a boy of fifteen years. He cleared this land and made for himself a good home. In 1840 he married Jane Schumaker, a native of Pennsylvania. He lived in Michigan twenty years, when on account of ill-health he changed his location and moved to LaSalle County, Illinois, but receiving no benefit, two years later he concluded to remove to Iowa, intending to go to the vicinity of Council Bluffs, but on reaching Des Moines found the high water had washed away the bridges, and, by the advice of two young men he met in the stage, concluded to come to Webster County. He purchased a half section of land, which had been claimed, at Government price, 220 acres of which is his present home. Here he has since lived, and now has one of the finest farms in the township. His wife died September 7, 1857, leaving seven children, four sons and three daughters, all of whom are living. In December, 1857, he married Adeline Hunt, a daughter of Eleazer and Florilla Hunt. She was born in Monroe County, New York, April 30, 1828, and when thirteen years old her parents moved to Branch County, Michigan, and thence to Kalamazoo County, where her mother died when she was nineteen years old. Her father afterward married Nancy Long, a sister of our subject. Mr. Hunt and his family accompanied Mr. Long to Iowa, but subsequently returned to New York, where he died, and where his widow still lives. Mr. and Mrs. Long have five children, two sons and three daughters. They are numbered among the prominent pioneers of the county, where they have lived so many years, and have assisted materially in its development. They are members of no religious denomination, but are believers in the Christian religion, and live pure, honorable and upright lives."
THE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF WEBSTER COUNTY, IOWA (1901), p. 380-384:
"Lemuel Long (photo included)...was one of the first settlers of Deer Creek Township, Webster County, Iowa, where he moved in in 1856. Mr. Long was born in Coventry, Connecticut on Oct. 29, 1813 and is now the oldest living in a family of ten children, although he was eighth in order of birth. The Long family was founded in the new world by three brothers, who came to this country in early colonial days and settled in New York. One remained in that state, one subsequently removed to Connecticut, and the other to Pennsylvania. [Note: the accuracy of this information is doubtful, since Joseph Long's great-grandfather Thomas Long and Thomas' father Joseph Long both lived in Massachusetts].
..."From the Connecticut branch our subject is descended. His father, Reuben Long, was a native of the Nutmeg State, where he spent his early life engaged in farming...and was among the Continental soldiers who aided the colonies in achieving their independence...his last years were passed in Erie Co., NY, where he located when that region was an almost unbroken wilderness...Lemuel Long passed his boyhood and youth in Erie Co, NY...in 1835 he removed to Kalamazoo, MI, which state was then a territory, and took up a claim of 80 acres.....There he opened up a good farm and successfully engaged in its operation for several years. He next went to LaSalle Co., IL in 1854 and bought 160 acres of wild land near Ottawa, which he commenced to improve, but at the end of two years he sold that place at a good profit and came to Webster Co., IA, arriving in Apr. 1856. After purchasing 320 acres of wild land in Deer Creek township, he returned to Illinois for his family...today he owns 220 acres...but has now laid aside all business cares and is enjoying a well-earned rest.
While a resident of Kalamazoo Co., Michigan, Mr. Long was married in 1840 to Miss Jane Shoemaker, who was born and reared in Pennsylvania, and died after coming to this country in 1857. By that union 7 children were born, namely; Reuben Long, now a resident of Clarinda, Iowa; Charles Long, a farmer of Nebraska; Eli Long, a resident of Minnesota; Joseph Long, a farmer of Webster County; Mary Long, wife of Wilson Lumpkin, a business man of Louisiana; Martha Long, wife of W.C. Brown of Fort Dodge, Iowa; and Ada Long, wife of George Wright of Connecticut. Mr. Long was again married in this county in 1857, his second union being with Miss Adaline F. Hunt...she died May 26, 1901, leaving five children: Esther Long, now the wife of Samuel Bechtel, of California; Erastus E. Long, who is engaged in farming on the home place; Ellen M. Long, wife of W.B. Miller of Fort Dodge; Pattie May Long, wife of James B. Garrett of Fort Dodge; and George L. Long, who was married in Dec. 1899 to Bertha L. Fuller."
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