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 Adolphus Williamson Mangum, Sr

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Adolphus Williamson Mangum, Sr

  • Birth 1 Apr 1834 Orange County, North Carolina, USA
  • Death 12 May 1890 Chapel Hill, Orange County, North Carolina, USA
  • Burial Chapel Hill, Orange County, North Carolina, USA
  • Memorial ID 52224031

The bodies of more than 11,000 Union prisoners of war were buried in massive trenches at Salisbury Prison in North Carolina. About 2/3's of them remained anonymus. The others are identified only becaus Adolphus Williamson Mangum, a prison chaplain for most of the war, conscientiously documented their interments when he was in charge of burial duty.

Adolphus Mangum and several of his cousins enlisted in the 6th North Carolina Infantry in 1861. A 27 year old Methodist minister with a Docto of Divinity degree degree, he was appointed regimental commander chaplain. The regiment's first battle was the First Battle of Manassas, Va., on July 21, 1861. One of his cousins, Lt. William Preston Mangum, the only son of 1836 presidential candidate Willie P. Mangum, was mortally wounded. Adolphus attended him at the military hospital in Louisa Court House, Va. They recited Bible passages together before William died on July 30.

On October 31 Adolphus left the army due to illness and returned home to Salisbury, North Carolina. There he served as chaplain of the Confederacy's Salisbury Prison and spent most of his time tending to the sick and wounded Union prisoners of war. The rest of the time he spent keeping records and diaries. A history of the prison based on those writings was later published. It constitutes much ofwhat is known about the prison.

After the war Adolphus helped reopen the University of North Carolina, which had been closed because of the hostilities. He was one of the 12 faculty members and taught law, science, literature and religion. On May 12, 1890, he died in Chapel Hill. The Mangum dormitory on the university campus was later named after him and two relatives. CWT

Family Members


Of The N.C. Conference
UNC Prof., 1875-90
Chaplain, 6th N.c. Reg. C.S.A.

  • Maintained by: JFJN
  • Originally Created by: David Morgan
  • Added: 10 May 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 52224031
  • JFJN
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Adolphus Williamson Mangum, Sr (1 Apr 1834–12 May 1890), Find A Grave Memorial no. 52224031, citing Old Chapel Hill Cemetery, Chapel Hill, Orange County, North Carolina, USA ; Maintained by JFJN (contributor 46976255) .