Civil War Confederate Major General. Born in Culpeper County, Virginia, he graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point in 1822 and was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant of artillery. He served in the 3rd and 1st US Artillery Regiments and resigned in 1832, to pursue the business of railroad construction. He helped survey the route of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads, plus was the construction engineer for the northern railroad works located in to Maryland. When he realized that Maryland would not secede from the Union at the start of the Civil War, he returned to Virginia and joined the Confederate Army as a Colonel of engineers in 1861. He was promoted Brigadier General in August 1861, in command of a brigade in the Confederate Army of the Potomac. He participated in the Battle of Cross Keys, Days Battles and Second Battle of Bull Run. In January 1863, he was promoted Major General and assigned commander of the Valley District in the Shenandoah Valley. During the Battle of Gettysburg, he was a division commander in Pickett's Charge. He was severely wounded which resulted in loosing his left leg and being captured by Union soldiers. For the remainder of the war he was a prsioner and was paroled in Lynchburg, Virginia, on April 16, 1865, after General Lee's surrender. After the War, he served as chief engineer of the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad. He died at age 85 in Baltimore, Maryland.
Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith