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 James Barry Munnik Hertzog

Photo added by Mr. Badger Hawkeye

James Barry Munnik Hertzog

  • Birth 3 Apr 1866
  • Death 21 Nov 1942
  • Burial Witbank, Nkangala District Municipality, Mpumalanga, South Africa
  • Memorial ID 48002500

South African Prime Minister, Military Leader. Before the South African War, in which he commanded a division of the Boer forces from 1899 to 1902, he had been a judge in the Orange Free State. As minister of education in the Orange River Colony from 1907 to 1910, Hertzog insisted upon the teaching of Dutch as well as English in the schools. In the first cabinet of the Union of South Africa, he was minister of justice from 1910 to 1912, but his active resistance to Louis Botha, then premier, and to the supremacy of Great Britain brought about a crisis, and he was dropped from the government. Hertzog then took the lead in organizing the National party, opposed to imperialism and aiming at a state independent of the British Empire. After 1924, when by an alliance between that party and the Labour party, a coalition government was formed and he served as prime minister for 15 years until September of 1939. Hertzog's administrations protected domestic industries, passed measures of racial segregation, and disenfranchised the Bantu of the Cape Province. He was at first inclined to appease Hitler, favoring a return of German colonial territories, but he advocated neutrality in World War II. Parliament then repudiated his anti-British stand.


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  • Created by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
  • Added: 11 Feb 2010
  • Find A Grave Memorial 48002500
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for James Barry Munnik Hertzog (3 Apr 1866–21 Nov 1942), Find A Grave Memorial no. 48002500, citing Hertzog Family Cemetery, Witbank, Nkangala District Municipality, Mpumalanga, South Africa ; Maintained by Mr. Badger Hawkeye (contributor 46542485) .