Suggest Edits
 Cal-3 Allen

Photo added by daughterofcal3

Cal-3 Allen

  • Birth 18 Jul 1947 San Francisco, San Francisco County, California, USA
  • Death 30 Jun 1991 Mansfield, Tarrant County, Texas, USA
  • Burial Italy, Ellis County, Texas, USA
  • Plot Section 7 Square Park
  • Memorial ID 46377352

THE BIRTH OF Cal-3 (aka Elmer Allen)

On 18 July 1947, Elmer Allen's left leg, injured in a fall from a train, was injected with plutonium as part of America's human radiation experiments, which began in 1943. Three days later, his leg was amputated in Ward B of the University of California Hospital in San Francisco.

Such was the birth of "CAL-3," Elmer's code name in the MANHATTAN PROJECT -- and the death of the Elmer Allen known to his friends and family.

His participation in the project, and that of many others, was brought to light through the stoic efforts of Eileen Welsome, a reporter with the Albuquerque (New Mexico)Tribune, whose story "The Plutonium Files," published in a 3-part series in 1993, documented the first details known about the Manhattan Project. It was published in book form in 2000.

Each participant received potentially lethal injections of plutonium from doctor/scientists financed by the United States government and, until the early 1990s, nothing more was revealed - no reasoning, no explanation, no admission of responsibility, not even an apology. Of the 18 unwitting Americans injected with plutonium during this experiment between 1943 and 1947, all but one experienced slow, painful deaths.

CAL-3 was tracked by the United States Government for the remainder of the Cold War. In 1973, he was convinced to travel to Argonne National Laboratories near Chicago, Illinois for bone studies and Rochester, New York where he was admitted to Strong Memorial Hospital for metabolism tests. All of these medical procedures were SECRETLY financed and studied by doctors and scientists who workded for the US Government; doctors who did not reveal the true nature of the process. At the time of the death of CAL-3, his family physician in Waxahachie, Texas had a letter in his files from doctors at Argonne National Laboratories. The letter states that upon the demise of the individual, they would like a telephone call so that body parts could possibly be harvested.

Among hundreds of national and international reports since 1993, Eric Alterman wrote an article for THE NATION, published on Friday, 11 February 2000, about Eileen Welsome and her Pultizer Prize winning investigation and revelations concerning Americans who were unwitting participants in the Manhattan Project.

Cal-3 (aka Elmer Allen) died in 1991 knowing nothing of his role in these experiments. His son, William Allen, Sr., designed the headstone that marks his grave.

Family Members



One of America's human nuclear "guinea pigs"

See more Allen memorials in: