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 Christian II. von Anhalt-Bernburg

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Christian II. von Anhalt-Bernburg

Birth
Amberg, Landkreis Unterallgäu, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Death 21 Sep 1656 (aged 57)
Bernburg (Saale), Salzlandkreis, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
Burial Bernburg (Saale), Salzlandkreis, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
Memorial ID 45849609 View Source
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Christian II. (The Younger) was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg. He was the second (but eldest surviving) son of Christian I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg by his wife Anna, daughter of Arnold III, Count of Bentheim-Steinfurt-Tecklenburg-Limburg.
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In 1618, at the age of nineteen, Christian recorded the horror of the beginning of the Thirty Years' War; in his diary, he wrote that his duty to fight was "ma fatal destinée." For him, the war began at the Battle of White Mountain (1620), when his father was defeated and banished from the Empire. Christian was taken captive with the two regiments under his command. Nonetheless, he soon obtained the favor of Emperor Ferdinand II, who permitted him to return to Bernburg in 1621.
His uncle Louis of Anhalt-Köthen made him a member of the Fruitbearing Society.
After the death of his father in 1630 Christian succeeded him in Anhalt-Bernburg, which at that time was devastated by war. During the first year of his reign, Bernburg was plundered by the Danish General Heinrich van Holk and an epidemic fever killed almost 1,700 inhabitants. In 1636 Schloss Bernburg was almost taken by the Danish troops, but the great courage of the seventy-year-old Hofmarschall Burkhard von Erlach prevented this.
His 14 volumes of diaries are preserved; they provide a valuable source of information about the coruse of the Thirty Years' War.


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