Czech President, Communist Party Leader. He was one of the founders of the Communist Party of Czechosolvakia in 1921. From 1928 to 1943 he served in various positions in the Comintern. After the German occupation of Czechosolvakia in 1938, he went to Moscow and edited a newspaper that called for Czechosolvakian liberation. In 1946, after his party won the first Czech post-war election, he became the Prime Minister of Czechosolvakia. After the communist coup in February 1948, he succeeded Eduard Benes as President. As a devout Stalinist, he dominated the government and the party through a system of purges and trials and was very close to the Soviet Union. His massive purge of his opponents in the party led to the execution of 11 prominent Communists in December of 1952. After his death, a Stalinesque mausoleum was erected for him in Prague. In 1962 his body was removed and cremated due to a botched embalming.
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
Marta (Marie) Holubova Gottwaldova