Civil War Union Army Major General. Born at Clyde, Ohio, in 1849, he secured an appointment to United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, where he excelled, and was known as an excellent horseman and superior tactician. He was graduated at the head of his class in 1853 when he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, in the Corps of Engineers. In 1858, he was posted to California and assigned to Pacific coast fortifications at Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay, during which, he was promoted to first lieutenant. A captain by 1861, he was again promoted at the outbreak of the Civil War to lieutenant colonel, and was appointed aide-de-camp to General Henry Halleck. He attained the rank of major general in October 1862, and served under General Grant in the Army of the Tennessee during the Vicksburg campaign. In July 1863, he had the honor of leading the Union troops into Vicksburg and then commanded the occupation. That August, he was promoted to brigadier general. In February 1864, he left Vicksburg on his first furlough of the war to marry his fiancée, but was recalled before the ceremony could take place. He succeeded Grant as commander of the Army of the Tennessee, which he commanded at the actions of Resaca, Dallas, Kenesaw Mountain, and the Atlanta campaign. On August 22, 1864, when Confederates under his former classmate John Bell Hood, launched an attack on his line, the general and his aides rode into a gap in the Union lines, where they encountered the Fifth Confederate Infantry and he was killed; he was the second highest ranking Union causality of the war. Two biographies, 'Forgotten Hero: General James B. McPherson' (1955) by Elizabeth Whaley and 'General James B. McPherson, Fallen Star of the Union' (1991) by Dan McPherson have been published.
Bio by: Iola
Civil War General James B. McPherson Killed in Action Near Atlanta, GA in 1864 Reintured in 1907