Ukrainian political figure. Anarchist-communist, leader of the Insurgent Army of Ukraine after the revolution of 1917
Nestor Ivanovych Makhno
Ukrainian: Нестор Іванович Махно,
Russian: Не́стор Ива́нович Махно́
was a Ukrainian anarcho-communist guerrilla leader turned army commander who led an independent anarchist army in Ukraine during the Russian Civil War.
A commander of the peasant Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, also known as the Anarchist Black Army, Makhno led a guerrilla campaign during the Russian Civil War. He supported the Bolsheviks, the Ukrainian Directory, the Bolsheviks again, and then turned to organizing the Free Territory of Ukraine, an anarchist society. This project was cut short by the consolidation of Bolshevik power. Makhno was described by anarchist theorist Emma Goldman as "an extraordinary figure" leading a revolutionary peasants' movement. He is also credited as the inventor of the tachanka, a horse-drawn platform mounting a heavy machine gun.