Karl Friedrich, 1st Grand Duke of Baden was the son of Hereditary Prince Friedrich of Baden-Durlach and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz, the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz.
He ruled as the Margrave of Baden-Durlach from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter Margravate, the original land of Baden was reunited. He was regarded as a good example of an absolute ruler, supporting schools, universities, jurisprudence, civil service, economy, culture, and urban development. He outlawed torture in 1767, and serfdom in 1783.In 1803 Karl Friedrich became elector of Baden, and in 1806 the first grand duke of Baden. Through the politics of minister Sigismund Freiherr von Reitzenstein, Baden acquired the Bishopric of Constance, the Bishopric of Basel, the Bishopric of Strassburg, the Bishopric of Speyer, the Breisgau and the Ortenau. In 1806 Baden joined the Confederation of the Rhine.
Caroline Luise von Hessen-Darmstadt
Karl Ludwig von Baden
Friedrich von Baden
Ludwig I. von Baden
Luise Karoline von Baden
Leopold I. von Baden
Wilhelm Ludwig August von Baden
Friedrich Alexander von Hochberg
Amelie von Baden
Maximilian von Baden