In 1860, he was living either in Vermont or Massachusetts but is not found with certainty.
A Civil War veteran, he enlisted (presumably) in Cornwall, Addison County, Vermont, August 16, 1861, the location to which his enlistment was credited (although that does not necessarily mean he was living there), mustered into federal service September 16 as a private with Co. F, 5th Vermont Infantry, and re-enlisted as a Veteran Volunteer December 15, 1863. He was shot in the knee at the battle of the Wilderness May 6, 1864, but returned to duty only to be captured at the battle of Cedar Creek October 19, 1864, and incarcerated at a location as yet unknown. He was paroled March 10, 1865, and honorably discharged the service June 29, 1865, at Munson's Hill, Virginia.
On November 5, 1874, he entered the soldiers' home in Togus, Maine, claiming to be thirty-eight years of age, and discharged October 14, 1879. On September 13, 1885, now claiming to be forty-nine years of age, he entered the facility in Hampton, Virginia, and discharged at his request September 17, 1891.
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