Author. Gustave Flaubert was educated at the Lycée Pierre-Corneille in Rouen, then went to Paris to study law, until about 1840 when he left Paris and abandoned the study of law. His first finished work was November, a novella, which was completed in 1842. In September 1849, he completed the first version of a novel, The Temptation of Saint Anthony. He read the novel aloud to friends, and at the end of the reading, they told him to throw the manuscript in the fire. In 1849–50 he traveled to Greece, Egypt, and Turkey. After returning from these travels, he began work on Madame Bovary, which took five years to write. When it was published he was prosecuted by the government on the charge of immorality but was acquitted. In 1858, he travelled to Carthage to gather material for his next novel, Salammbô, which was completed in 1862. He next wrote Sentimental Education, which took seven years. This was his last complete novel, published in 1869. He next published The Temptation of Saint Anthony, which he had begun about 1857. He worked on The Two Woodlice for years, breaking from it to write the Three Tales in 1877. This book includes three stories: A Simple Heart, The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller, and Herodias. After the publication of this book, he spent the remainder of his life toiling on Bouvard et Pécuchet, which was posthumously printed in 1881. He never married and never had children. He was very open about his sexual activities with prostitutes in his writings on his travels, and he suffered from venereal diseases most of his life. His health declined, and he died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
Bio by: Pete Mohney