Author. Gustave Flaubert, a 19th century French author, was educated at the Lycée Pierre-Corneille in Rouen, before going to Paris to study law, until about 1840 when he left Paris, abandoning the study of law. Born the second child of a surgeon, his family was well-to-do in society. Starting his career as an author, his first finished work was "November," a novella in 1842. In September of 1849, he completed the first version of a novel, "The Temptation of Saint Anthony." He read the novel aloud to friends, and at the end of the reading, they told him to throw the manuscript in the fire. Between 1849 to 1850, he traveled to Greece, Egypt, and Turkey, adapting to a Bohemian way of living. After returning from these travels, he began work on "Madame Bovary," which took five years to write, being released in April of 1857. When it was published, he was prosecuted by the government on the charge of immorality but was acquitted. In 1858, he traveled to Carthage to gather material for his next novel, "Salammbô," which was completed in 1862. He next wrote "Sentimental Education," which took seven years. This was his last complete novel, published in 1869. He next published a second version of "The Temptation of Saint Anthony," which he had begun about 1857. He worked on "The Two Woodlice" for years, breaking from it to write the "Three Tales" in 1877. This book includes three stories: "A Simple Heart," "The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller," and "Herodias." After the publication of this book, he spent the remainder of his life toiling on "Bouvard et Pécuchet," which was posthumously printed in 1881. He never married or had children. In his writings, he was very open about his sexual activities with prostitutes during his travels, and he suffered from the symptoms of syphilis most of his life. His health and income declined, and he died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage and was buried in the family vault. He received the Legion of Honor in 1866. In the small garden of the Rousen's Musee de Beaux-Arts, Henri Chapu's 1890 monument, "Gustave Flaubert," was erected in the author's honor. Smaller bronze-versions of the monument were made.
Bio by: Pete Mohney