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 Joshua Baker

Joshua Baker

Birth
Mason County, Kentucky, USA
Death 16 Apr 1885 (aged 86)
Lyme, New London County, Connecticut, USA
Burial Brooklyn, Kings County (Brooklyn), New York, USA
Plot Lot 11296 Sec 171
Memorial ID 42712842 · View Source
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Politician, Military figure. Joshua Baker was a graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, class of 1819. After rising to the grade of 2nd Lieutenant and a stint as a professor of Engineering he moved to Litchfield, Connecticut to study law in 1821 and passed the bar a year later back in his hometown of Mason, Kentucky. Baker then went on to Louisiana to practice law at the Opelousas, Louisiana office of John Bronson from 1822-1829 and then again from 1832-1838.

In 1825, Baker married Fanny Assherton from whom they had three children before she died on August 17, 1831. From 1826-1829 Baker was a Colonel in the Louisiana State Militia. He also worked on Engineering projects in Plaquemines Parish until 1829, when he was appointed Judge in St. Mary Parish; a position he held until 1839.

His second marriage to Catherine Patton from Fairfax, Virginia in 1832 produced 2 children and In 1833 he was Assistant State Engineer for the State of Louisiana until 1838 and then Director of Public Works for the State of Louisiana 1840-1845. He was made Captain of Cavalry, Louisiana State Militia 1846 until 1851 and in 1853 he was appointed to the Board of Visitors United States Military Academy, serving until 1861.

At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Colonel Baker retired to Franklin, Louisiana. A Conservative Democrat who opposed secession, he chose to cooperate with the Union Army of Occupation thus, on January 8, 1868, Baker took the Oath of Loyalty to the Union and was quickly appointed Military Governor by General Winfield Scott Hancock upon the resignation of Benjamin Flanders.

As Governor, Baker supported the lenient reconstruction plan of President Andrew Johnson although hi administration has little influence on the course of the Louisiana government. On March 10, 1868, Governor Baker was arrested and brought before a commissioner charged with perjury for claiming not to build a barricade across Bayou Teche. Meanwhile, General Hancock unilaterally removes 9 New Orleans City Councilmen which results in President Ulysses S. Grant's reversal of this order. For this, Hancock asks to be reassigned. With Hancock's departure, support for Governor Baker evaporated and in a special election Republican Henry C. Warmoth was elected Governor.

Baker had outlived two wives and all his children except for his daughter Margaret Van Bergen whose home in Lyme, Connecticut, "Cricket Lawn," was where he died. He was interred on April 17, 1885.


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  • Created by: The Historian
  • Added: 5 Oct 2009
  • Find A Grave Memorial 42712842
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Joshua Baker (23 Mar 1799–16 Apr 1885), Find A Grave Memorial no. 42712842, citing Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, Kings County (Brooklyn), New York, USA ; Maintained by The Historian (contributor 46828890) .