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Mary Garner (Gaines)

Birth
Boone County, Kentucky, USA
Death
Jan 1856 (aged 2–3)
Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, USA
Burial
Burial Details Unknown
Memorial ID
42532728 View Source

At 6th and Main Streets in Covington (Kenton County), Kentucky, there is a sober historical marker (Number 1863):

* * * * * *

Slave Escape

On a snowy night in January 1856, seventeen slaves fled, at foot of Main Street, across frozen Ohio River. Margaret Garner was in this group. When arrested in Ohio, she killed little daughter rather than see her returned to slavery. This much publicized slave capture became focus of national attention because it involved the issues of federal and state authority. [Reverse] Controversial Judgment - Decision regarding Margaret Garner fueled fires of abolition. Fugitive Slave Law supporters wanted her returned to master. Garner wished to remain in Ohio, even at risk of death for her crime. She was returned to Ky., with master's agreement to extradite her to Ohio. But soon afterward Garner was sent south and never heard from again. Presented by City of Covington.

* * * * * *

The marker neglects to identify Margaret Garner‘s owner. The slave owner was Archibald Gaines. Nor does the marker give the name of the "little daughter" killed by her own mother. The child was Mary Garner. The marker is also mistaken in reporting that the mother of the dead child, Margaret Garner "was never heard from again." (Please see the Memorial to Margaret Garner - Memorial # 42533100, and also the one for Archibald Gaines - Memorial # 42534414.)

Archibald Gaines' lawyer admitted in court that Mary Garner was his client's daughter. In response to a question put to a witness on cross examination, "Is he [Archibald Gaines] the father of those children?" Archibald Gaines' lawyer interjected, "We admit that." (New York Post, Feb 16, 1856)

________

This brief biography has been taken from Volume I of a book of family history entitled ALL OF THE ABOVE I, by Richard Baldwin Cook, a distant cousin of both Archibald Gaines and Mary Garner. For additional information, visit the contributor profile, #47181028.

__________

The following edit has been suggested by CRL #4951982. Thanks, CRL:

"She also had two brothers, Samuel Garner/Gaines , her full brother and Tommy Garner , her half brother."

At 6th and Main Streets in Covington (Kenton County), Kentucky, there is a sober historical marker (Number 1863):

* * * * * *

Slave Escape

On a snowy night in January 1856, seventeen slaves fled, at foot of Main Street, across frozen Ohio River. Margaret Garner was in this group. When arrested in Ohio, she killed little daughter rather than see her returned to slavery. This much publicized slave capture became focus of national attention because it involved the issues of federal and state authority. [Reverse] Controversial Judgment - Decision regarding Margaret Garner fueled fires of abolition. Fugitive Slave Law supporters wanted her returned to master. Garner wished to remain in Ohio, even at risk of death for her crime. She was returned to Ky., with master's agreement to extradite her to Ohio. But soon afterward Garner was sent south and never heard from again. Presented by City of Covington.

* * * * * *

The marker neglects to identify Margaret Garner‘s owner. The slave owner was Archibald Gaines. Nor does the marker give the name of the "little daughter" killed by her own mother. The child was Mary Garner. The marker is also mistaken in reporting that the mother of the dead child, Margaret Garner "was never heard from again." (Please see the Memorial to Margaret Garner - Memorial # 42533100, and also the one for Archibald Gaines - Memorial # 42534414.)

Archibald Gaines' lawyer admitted in court that Mary Garner was his client's daughter. In response to a question put to a witness on cross examination, "Is he [Archibald Gaines] the father of those children?" Archibald Gaines' lawyer interjected, "We admit that." (New York Post, Feb 16, 1856)

________

This brief biography has been taken from Volume I of a book of family history entitled ALL OF THE ABOVE I, by Richard Baldwin Cook, a distant cousin of both Archibald Gaines and Mary Garner. For additional information, visit the contributor profile, #47181028.

__________

The following edit has been suggested by CRL #4951982. Thanks, CRL:

"She also had two brothers, Samuel Garner/Gaines , her full brother and Tommy Garner , her half brother."


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