Egyptian Pharaoh. He ruled during Egypt's Twenty-second Dynasty, coming to the throne in 837 BC on the death of Osorkon II. This was in a time of instability referred to as the Third Intermediate Period. During his reign the political unity of Egypt began to break down as Pedubast I seized power in Thebes, leaving all subsequent Twenty-second Dynasty Pharaohs in control of Lower Egypt only. The legitimacy of Shoshenq's own claim to the throne is also somewhat unclear as he was not a son of his predecessor and his family tree is unclear. He is recorded as ruling for thirty-nine years and celebrating his Heb Sed jubilee festival in the thirtieth year of his reign. He fathered at least four sons who all held positions of authority during their father's reign, but who all predeceased him, leaving the unrelated Shoshenq IV to succeed him when he died in 798 BC.
Bio by: js