Egyptian Pharaoh. He was the founder of Egypt's Twenty Second Dynasty. He came originally from Libya, rising through the military to the rank of "Commander in Chief of all the Armies" and "Great Chief of the Meshwesh (police force). He was in a position to take the throne because of his marriage to the daughter of his predecessor, Psusennes II, who he succeeded in 945 BC. He soon proved an able ruler, maintaining control by appointing his sons to high offices in the priesthood, army and regional government. In 925 BC he defeated the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, taking the Treasure of Solomon from the Temple of Jerusalem and earning himself a place in The Bible's Book of Kings where he is referred to as King Shishak, who "took all the shields of gold which Solomon had made". He celebrated his success by erecting a victory stele and building a new courtyard at the Temple of Amun at Thebes featuring a huge relief depicting captives surrendering to him. He died in 924 BC, not long after his victory, and was buried at Tanis in a distinctive falcon headed sarcophagus.
Bio by: js