Wilhelm Kienzl

Wilhelm Kienzl

Birth
Waizenkirchen, Grieskirchen Bezirk, Upper Austria (Oberösterreich), Austria
Death 19 Oct 1941 (aged 84)
Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria
Burial Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria
Plot Group 32C, No. 20
Memorial ID 41155117 · View Source
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Composer. Initially influenced by Wagner, he was one of the first musicians outside of Italy to make use of the "verismo" stage tradition, with its greater naturalism. This is evident in his magnum opus, the opera "Der Evangelimann" ("The Evangelist", 1895). He was also an important creator of Lieder (German art songs). One of them, "Deutschösterreich, du herrliches Land" ("German Austria, You Wonderful Country"), served as Austria's unofficial national anthem from 1920 to 1929. Kienzl was born in Waizenkirchen, Austria. He had an extensive musical education, studying in Prague, Leipzig, in Weimar under Franz Liszt, and in Vienna before embarking on a rather bumpy career as a conductor and pianist. In 1891 he was dismissed as director of the Hamburg Opera halfway through his debut season because of poor reviews; Gustav Mahler replaced him. The success of "The Evangelist" prompted him to write full-time, but of his nine other operas only "Der Kuhreigen" ("The Melodies", 1911) won comparable favor. His one substantial orchestral work, the "Symphonic Variations" (1912), was based on an aria from "Der Kuhreigen". The rest of his output includes three string quartets, a piano trio, a good deal of secular choral music, and about 150 songs. After World War I Kienzl gradually withdrew from composing because he was out of sympathy with new musical trends.

Bio by: Bobb Edwards


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Bobb Edwards
  • Added: 25 Aug 2009
  • Find A Grave Memorial 41155117
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Wilhelm Kienzl (17 Jan 1857–19 Oct 1941), Find A Grave Memorial no. 41155117, citing Zentralfriedhof, Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria ; Maintained by Find A Grave .