1st Baronet. English politician, founder of the famous Cotton library. He was of a Huntingdonshire parentage and educated at Westminster School, where he became interested in antiquarian studies under William Camden, and Jesus College, Cambridge. Starting with his antiquarian notes on the local history of Huntingdonshire, he began to amass a library, in which the documents rivalled, then surpassed the official Public Record Office collections. He entered the Parliament of England as a member for Huntingdon in 1601. He helped devise the institution of the title baronet as a means for King James I of England to raise funds.