Anarchist. Known for her political activism, writing and speeches, she was a major figure in the history of American radicalism and feminism. Goldman immigrated to the United States in 1885. She became a political activist as a result of the Haymarket affair in 1886. Goldman became an influential writer and lecturer on anarchist philosophy, women's rights, and social issues. She founded and edited the magazine "Mother Earth" in 1906. Goldman was an early advocate working for the causes of free speech, birth control, women's equality and independence, an eight-hour workday, and union organization. Her criticism of mandatory conscription of young men into the military during World War I led to a two-year imprisonment, followed by her deportation in 1919. For the rest of her life until her death in 1940 in Toronto, she continued to participate in the social and political movements of her time, from the Russian Revolution to the Spanish Civil War. Fulfilling her wishes, she was buried near the Haymarket monument with other labor activists and radicals. Her monument reads: "Liberty will not descend to a people, a people must raise themselves to liberty". The monument incorrectly gives her date of birth as June 29, 1869 – she actually was born on June 27, 1869, and her date of death as May 14, 1939 - she actually died on May 14, 1940.
Bio by: William Seitz
Liberty will not descend to a people, a people must raise themselves to liberty.