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 Joseph Madison Moore

Joseph Madison Moore

Blount County, Tennessee, USA
Death 23 Jul 1864 (aged 23–24)
DeKalb County, Georgia, USA
Burial Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia, USA
Plot F, 4747
Memorial ID 3953927 · View Source
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Joseph Madison Moore was born in 1840 in Blount County, Tennessee. He came with his parents to Iowa from Tennessee in 1842.

When Lincoln called for volunteers for the Civil War, Joseph M. Moore became the second son to respond. He enlisted on 23 September 1861 with Company "C" of the 11th Regiment of the Iowa Infantry Volunteers and was given the rank of Fourth Corporal. He was mustered in on 3 October 1861.

- December 08, 1861 Joseph M. Moore was promoted to Third Corporal.
- January 01, 1862 Joseph M. Moore was promoted to Second Corporal.
- March 12, 1862 Joseph M. Moore was again promoted, to First Corporal.

Sunday, April 6th, 1862 Joseph was "wounded slightly in the leg" at Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee during the Battle of Shiloh "while in the line of his duty".
The 11th then joined the campaign for Vicksburg. It was from here that Joseph wrote his uncle:
Vicksburg, Miss.
Nov. 19, 1863

Mr. Joseph Johnston:
Dear Uncle:
I seat myself this morning to write you a few lines for I see that if I don't write to you that I will not get any letters from you. I believe that you are about as lazy about writing as I am. You can't make an excuse and say that you have not time for I must think that it rains there some times, as for myself I will not try to make an excuse as for not writing for I have time to write very often but I have no news to write and it doesn't pay to write. My health is good at this time. I have been unwell this fall but am hearty again. The health of the Regt. is good at this time. There is but very little sickness in the Regt. The weather is cool and I think the troops will be healthy during the winter. We have had a great deal of duty to do this fall but now it is not so heavy. We don't have any fatigue to do but we have a good deal of picket duty to do yet. They have been working on the fortifications around Vicksburg for the last two months. They are about complete and they are the best that I have ever seen. I thought the works at Corinth was good and so they was too good for ------* to come in on but the works at Vicksburg excels any that I have ever seen. I think that it would not be healthy for the rebs to try to come in to Vicksburg. I have seen some of the citizens well punished. I have been on picket duty when the citizens would come ten or 15 miles to Vicksburg and they come to the picket line and there they could go no farther and if they would have some butter and eggs at 50 cents per dozen the pickets would buy them and butter at 25 cents per pound. They would then leave looking as if they wished us no good luck. I hear everything sells very high in Iowa. You may think that we don't have to pay for things here our sutlers sells everything very high. Butter at 40 cents, cheese 40 cts and everything equally as high apples from 5 to 10 cts each. That is pretty dear eating don't you think. There is a government store in town that sells things pretty reasonable but it is hard for them to keep a stock of goods on hand though they sell to soldiers only.

Uncle, I was down town last and heard ----* preach and I can say that that was the only sermon that I have heard this fall. That is the way soldiers have to live or at least it is the case with a good many. We have no chaplin and there is only one in the Brigade and he don't preach any. We had a chaplin for more than a year and he was with the Regt. a good part of the time and if I am not mistaken he preached to the Regt. four times. That was our second chaplin. The first one done better. Why do they commission such men? It is often the case the men that gets office ought to be in the ranks or at home at work. I see that Uncle Sam has called for three hundred thousand more men. Do you think Iowa will furnish her quota without draft? Our consolation there will not be any new officers to make for them. That will save the government of some cost. There was men went from our Regt. to recruit. James B. Dodds went from Company C. If they fill this Regt. up it will take a good many men. Do you think that the war will soon stop or will the rebs hold out till the last minute? Well I must come to a close. If you think this worth answering write when it comes to hand.

Nothing more.
Joseph M. Moore
Joseph M. Moore re-enlisted and re-mustered as a veteran volunteer at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on 1 January 1864 and received $110.00 as a Bounty. He was promoted on 1 March 1864, to Sergeant and was also appointed vice clerk of his company.

The 11th was part of the Union forces that moved on Atlanta in July of 1864.

Mifflin Jennings in his Civil War Diary for July 20th wrote: "this morning we started on the march about 8 o'clock moving slowly. About noon we passed through Decatur and came to the rebels soon after we passed through town. We drove them about 3 miles and came to their works. This evening we are out on picket".

William Martin in his diary "Out and Forward" described what happened this way: "That night (July 20th) Company "C" was put on picket. Some twenty of us were put in the end of a lane, which ran right out towards the rebels. We worked all night to make a safe place for ourselves. The next morning the rebels were lined along the hill (Bald Hill) 100 rods in front of us. We fired and they returned the fire. I had run out of our pit; got some coffee, and ran back. Joseph Moore came to us from a pit above us where Captain Neal and J.B. Dodds were. When Moore started back, I yelled at him that it would become him to light out. He looked over his shoulder and said he understood his own business. Just then a rebel shot him, the ball went in at his hip just where his canteen hung; he fell; and the rebels cheered. Joe was gotten away and died the next day. He was a fine soldier."

William R. Jennings in his recollections called "My Story" (his diary) describes what happened this way: "The rebels were strengthening their works by felling trees. When daylight came we could see two men chopping at a tree, about 400 yards distant. Brother Mifflin and I shot several times at them but they continued chopping. Finally we doubled our cartridges and fired. When the smoke cleared, the tree was standing but the men were missing. That morning about sunrise, Sergeant Moor of our company was coming from another post to ours and when near our post was shot and mortally wounded. He died next day. When he fell, brother Mifflin and comrade Dodds of our company ran out and carried him into our post. A shower of rebel bullets came thru the rails of the post as they ran in."

On July 23rd Mifflin Jennings wrote: "This morning I was out front of the men after our captain was killed and the ground is covered with dead rebels. There is not much going on today. The rebels do not appear to want to try us again." Brother, William R. Jennings penned these comments: "Next morning I was on my way back to the regiment and stopped at our field hospital, where there were many dead and wounded. The army surgeons were busy caring for the wounded. They had arranged temporary tables, made of rough boards, on which the wounded were placed to amputate their limbs. At the end of those tables, I saw piles of legs and arms two to three feet high. On the 21st and 22nd of July: killed, 8 from our company, including two orderly sergeants, one lieutenant, and Captain Neal. Wounded and missing, 19." July 23rd would have been the day Joseph M. Moore died at the field hospital.

The Roll of Honor
4th Division, 17th Army Corps
Field Hospital before Atlanta, Georgia
Wounded of the 11th Iowa in actions of July 21st and 22d.
Serg. Jos M. Moore, left side, died July 24.
Source: Burlington Weekly Hawk-Eye (Burlington, Iowa) Saturday, 13 August 1864, page 4.

That afternoon and for the next two days, the Battle for Atlanta began. Crocker's Iowa Brigade lost heavily in the assault of Bald Hill before Atlanta, on 22 July 1864, and in Hardee's attack on their position later in the day, fully half were killed, wounded, or captured. Overall Union forces suffered 3,641 casualties including Major-General James Birdseye McPherson (the highest-ranking Union officer killed in the Civil War) and Captain Joseph Neil of Company C ("killed instantly by a grape shot"). General Hood's Confederate Army lost 8499 men.

2nd Lieutenant, Morris W. Clark, Joseph M. Moore's commanding officer, wrote on 15 September 1864 that Joseph "... of the State of Iowa, born in Blount County, Tennessee, aged 23 years; 5 feet 11 inches high; Dark complexion, Hazel eyes, Dark hair, and by occupation a Farmer, having joined the company on its original organization at Columbus City, Iowa, and enrolled in it at the muster into the service of the United States at Davenport, Iowa, on the third day of October 1861, reenlisted as a veteran volunteer at Vicksburg, Mississippi, on the first day of January 1864, to serve in the Regiment for the term of three years: and having served HONESTLY and FAITHFULLY with his company in the 11th Iowa Infantry, died July 23rd, 1864 of a wound received on the 21st of July, 1864, before Atlanta, Ga. while in the line of his duty".

Joseph Madison Moore was originally buried in Atlanta, Georgia. In 1866, his remains were reinterred in the new Marietta and Atlanta National Cemetery, now called the Marietta National Cemetery in Marietta, Georgia, Section F, Grave No. 4747. His Captain, Joseph Neal, killed 22 July 1864 is also buried there.

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  • Maintained by: steve s
  • Originally Created by: US Veterans Affairs Office
  • Added: 4 Mar 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 3953927
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Joseph Madison Moore (1840–23 Jul 1864), Find A Grave Memorial no. 3953927, citing Marietta National Cemetery, Marietta, Cobb County, Georgia, USA ; Maintained by steve s (contributor 47126287) .