United States Supreme Court Associate Justice. He served on the United States Supreme Court from 1939 until 1961. Born in Vienna, Austria to Jewish parents, his family relocated to New York City, New York in 1894 when he was eleven years old. After attending the City College of New York, he received his Law degree from Harvard Law School in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He obtained his first high profile position as an assistant to future cabinet secretary Henry Stimson and later served as a legal adviser to President Woodrow Wilson during the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, thus cementing his loyalty to the Democratic Party. A Zionist, Frankfurter also came to prominence as a founder of the American Civil Liberties Union in 1920. A longtime ally and member of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s inner circle, he was an adviser while Roosevelt was Governor of New York, exerting influence on the decision making of a wide range of issues, and was instrumental in shaping Roosevelt’s New Deal agenda. President Roosevelt rewarded Frankfurter with an appointment to the United States Supreme Court in 1939 after the passing of Justice Benjamin N. Cardozo. During his tenure, he took a firm stance on protecting the integrity of the Federal Government and had a “laissez-faire” stance of non-governmental involvement in regards to the rights of individuals. Additionally, he used his influence to sway other justices’ opinions. He retired from the Bench in 1962, and was succeeded by Justice Arthur Goldberg. In July 1963 he was awarded the Medal of Freedom by President John F. Kennedy. He died from heart failure in 1965.
Bio by: C.S.
Marion Denman Frankfurter