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 Diocletian

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Diocletian Famous memorial

Birth
Splitsko-dalmatinska, Croatia
Death
3 Dec
Split, Grad Split, Splitsko-dalmatinska, Croatia
Burial
Split, Grad Split, Splitsko-dalmatinska, Croatia
Plot
Mausoleum of Diocletian
Memorial ID
35785081 View Source

Roman Emperor. His birth name was Diocles and he was born circa AD 236. Being of humble birth, he received only an elementary education. He began his career in the army, and won a reputation as a shrewd, able and ambitious soldier. He was promoted to Count of the Domestics under the Emperor Carus in AD 282 and was made Consul in AD 283. When Carus died, allegedly struck by lightning, in AD 284, he was proclaimed Emperor and changed his name to Diocletian. Among his first acts as Emperor was the reform of the army and reorganization of the provinces. He also transformed the role of Emperor into that of an out right monarchy and demanded to be addressed as "Lord and Master". He decided that the Empire was too large for one man to rule, and introduced the "Tetrachy", or "Rule of Four", naming his lieutenant Maximianus as Caesar and making him ruler of the Western Empire. By doing so he began the process that ultimately led to the split of the Empire into two and the formation of the Byzantine Empire. He later appointed two further Caesars, Constantius in Britain and Gaul, and Galerius in the Balkans. A major problem of his reign was the declining economy, which he attempted to rectify first by reissuing good quality gold and silver coins, introducing a "maximum price edict" and, when these measures failed, revising the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind. He then made occupations such as soldiers, bakers and tenant farmers hereditary as "compulsory services". In AD 303 he issued a series of decrees to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult and pledge allegiance to the empire, this became known as the "Great Persecution." In AD 305, after ruling for twenty years, he abdicated along with Maximianus, so Constantius and Galerius became the new joint Emperors. He retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast and grew vegetables. He died there in AD 316 and was buried in a mausoleum within the palace.

Roman Emperor. His birth name was Diocles and he was born circa AD 236. Being of humble birth, he received only an elementary education. He began his career in the army, and won a reputation as a shrewd, able and ambitious soldier. He was promoted to Count of the Domestics under the Emperor Carus in AD 282 and was made Consul in AD 283. When Carus died, allegedly struck by lightning, in AD 284, he was proclaimed Emperor and changed his name to Diocletian. Among his first acts as Emperor was the reform of the army and reorganization of the provinces. He also transformed the role of Emperor into that of an out right monarchy and demanded to be addressed as "Lord and Master". He decided that the Empire was too large for one man to rule, and introduced the "Tetrachy", or "Rule of Four", naming his lieutenant Maximianus as Caesar and making him ruler of the Western Empire. By doing so he began the process that ultimately led to the split of the Empire into two and the formation of the Byzantine Empire. He later appointed two further Caesars, Constantius in Britain and Gaul, and Galerius in the Balkans. A major problem of his reign was the declining economy, which he attempted to rectify first by reissuing good quality gold and silver coins, introducing a "maximum price edict" and, when these measures failed, revising the tax system so that it was based on payments in kind. He then made occupations such as soldiers, bakers and tenant farmers hereditary as "compulsory services". In AD 303 he issued a series of decrees to compel Christians to take part in the imperial cult and pledge allegiance to the empire, this became known as the "Great Persecution." In AD 305, after ruling for twenty years, he abdicated along with Maximianus, so Constantius and Galerius became the new joint Emperors. He retired to his palace at Split on the Croatian coast and grew vegetables. He died there in AD 316 and was buried in a mausoleum within the palace.

Bio by: js


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: js
  • Added: 12 Apr 2009
  • Find a Grave Memorial ID: 35785081
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/35785081/diocletian: accessed ), memorial page for Diocletian (22 Dec–3 Dec), Find a Grave Memorial ID 35785081, citing Palace of Diocletian, Split, Grad Split, Splitsko-dalmatinska, Croatia; Maintained by Find a Grave .