Alabama Governor. He served in World War II, was the assistant attorney general of Alabama, and served two terms in the Alabama state legislature. He became famous for standing in the door of the University of Alabama on June 11, 1963, trying to block the court-ordered integration. In 1965, he gave orders for Alabama State Troopers to stop the Selma-to-Montgomery march with tear-gas and billy clubs. In 1968, he won thirteen percent of the popular vote for president, running as an American Independent. On May 15, 1972, while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination in Laurel, Maryland, he was shot in an assassination attempt, but survived. He was left partially paralyzed and unable to walk for the rest of his life. In 1974, he made a concerted effort to amend the harm he had sponsored against African-Americans. He once again campaigned for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1976. Admitting defeat in the primaries, he threw his support to fellow-Southerner, Jimmy Carter, telling an ABC newsman, "I had to do things -- say things to get elected in Alabama, that made it impossible for me to ever be President."
Bio by: Dustin Oliver