Victor Grignard

Victor Grignard

Birth
Cherbourg-Octeville, Departement de la Manche, Basse-Normandie, France
Death 13 Dec 1935 (aged 64)
Lyon, Departement du Rhône, Rhône-Alpes, France
Burial La Guilloterie, Departement de la Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France
Memorial ID 35257407 · View Source
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Chemist. Nobel Laureate in Chemistry 1912. Discover of Grignard reagents. The son of a sail maker, he first studied mathematics after winning a scholarship to a local teachers college in Cluny. However, due to a conflict over educational styles, his school was dissolved and he was allowed to transfer to the University of Lyon, where he at first failed his mathematical exams and joined the army to meet his service obligation. He returned to Lyon in 1894 and earned his Licentiate Degree in Mathematical Science and then began his study in chemistry, earning the same degree, this time in Physical Science. He became a member of the faculty and began his long time collaboration with Barbier, which led to his earning his Ph.D. from Lyon in 1901. It was his doctoral thesis that first introduced what we now call Grignard reagents. These are organomagnesium compounds, RMgX, where R is an organic group and X is a halide, formed from the reaction of an alkyl or aryl halide and magnesium in ether. This reagent then may be used in the Grignard reaction with an aldehyde or ketone to create a more complex organic molecule. It was this work for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1912 along with Paul Sabatier. He was appointed to Full Professor at Lyon in 1908 and then became the head of the Organic Chemistry Department at the University of Nancy in 1909. He was called up as a corporal in the French Army when war broke out but was assigned to continue his work in Nancy where he also was involved in the French chemical warfare effort. In 1919, he returned to Lyon as Professor of General Chemistry and became the Dean of the Faculty of Science in 1929. He received the following awards: the Cahours Prize in 1901 and 1902, the Berthelot Medal in 1902, and the Lavosier Medal in 1912. He was a Commander of the Legion of Honor and received a number of honorary doctorates from European universities and was an honorary Fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science and the Chemical Society in London. His major writings included over 170 scientific papers and the book "Treatise on Organic Chemistry". His son Roger and his student Jean Cologne also published the book "A Survey of Organic Chemistry" in 1937, based on his lecture notes.

Bio by: Kenneth Gilbert


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Rik Van Beveren
  • Added: 27 Mar 2009
  • Find a Grave Memorial 35257407
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Victor Grignard (6 May 1871–13 Dec 1935), Find a Grave Memorial no. 35257407, citing Cimètiere de la Guillotière, La Guilloterie, Departement de la Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .