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Col Maxwell McCaslin

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Col Maxwell McCaslin

Birth
Virginia, USA
Death
7 Jan 1880 (aged 77)
Paola, Miami County, Kansas, USA
Burial
Paola, Miami County, Kansas, USA Add to Map
Plot
Oak Grove Addition-Southern Half
Memorial ID
View Source
Cause of death as stated in Federal Census Mortality Schedule: Apoplexy (stroke)

"Montani Semper Liberi"
Col. 15th W.Va. Vols. Sept. 6, 1862-Sept. 7, 1864

The Miami Republican, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas, Friday, January 9, 1880, page 1:

"Col. Maxwell McCaslin, who is very well known throughout Miami county, and who has been spending the declining years of his life quietly at his residence in this city, died suddenly about 10 o'clock on Wednesday. Since the death of Miss Ward, his housekeeper, which took place last summer, it has been noted among his friends that he was failing fast. Recently it has been apparent that old age had indeed laid its withering hand upon him, and that the day of final dissolution was not far off.

Col. McCaslin was a gentleman of the old school. His presence was sufficient to command respect. Added to a manly figure and a splendid military bearing were a kind heart and all qualities of a real gentleman. As a civilian and a soldier his career has been in all respects honorable and successful, and in many respects remarkable.

He was born March 1, 1802, in Martinsburg, Berkley county, Virginia, and consequently, at the time of his death, lacked two months of being 78 years of age. His parents, who were of Scotch-Irish descent, were in very moderate circumstances. When he was four years old his father moved to Waynesburgh, Greene county, Pennsylvania, where Maxwell acquired an education in the common schools, and where he displayed the characteristics which mark self made men, who, by their own force, rise to places of honor and usefulness in society. Arriving at the age of manhood, he became a bricklayer, at which trade for several years. Following this he bought a farm and followed farming and stock raising.

It is said of him that when quite young he took a lively interest in the military organizations of his State, and at the age of eighteen he became a member of a volunteer rifle company, called the Franklin Rangers, which company became one of nine forming a regiment known as the Washington and Green Van Guards, commanded by Col. Thos. Rigland. Col. McCaslin subsequently became a Quarter-master and a Adjutant of this regiment. In 1828 he was elected Mayor of the first battalion. In 1835 he was elected Brigadier Inspector over Mayor Samuel McGuire and Major R.H. Lindsay, two of the most prominent military men of the State of Pennsylvania, in which capacity he served seven years. In 1842 his fortunes changed and he was elected as a Democrat to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, to which he was twice re-elected. While serving in the capacity he was twice chairman of the committee on military affairs, and once chairman of the committee on ways and means. At the inauguration of Gov. Shurk he served as temporary Aid de Camp, to which position on the Governor's Staff he was afterwards appointed with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1845 Col. McCaslin was appointed one of a commission to suggest means for the equalization of taxes throughout the state. In 1848 he was elected State Senator from the district composed of Fayette and Green counties, and was elected speaker of the Senate by that body. In 1851 he was chosen to the Senate again from the district composed of Washington and Green counties, and was again chosen speaker. About this time Col. McCaslin married Mrs. Joanna Hale, a lady which whom he boarded, and who is spoken of as a most estimable lady during her life; but unfortunately she died about a year after their marriage.
In 1852 he became one of the Democratic electors on the Pierce ticket, and in 1855 he was appointed by Mr. Pierce agent for the Osage Indians, the agency being located in Paola. Speaking of him in this connection his biographer says: "In this station the most important duties devolve upon him. These were the most trying times of Kansas, and Col. McCaslin discharged all of his duties with such impartial justice and fairness as to command the respect of all parties." A statement that has never been called into question. Subsequently, on account of his exposure of the "Oxford fraud" in a letter to Hon. Charles R. Buckalow, which letter found its way into print, he was removed and Hon. Seth Clover became Indian agent in his stead.

Returning to Virginia in 1858 he returned to his farm near Parkersburg, where he resided until 1862, when, notwithstanding his advanced age of 60, he raised and was commissioned by Gov. Pierrepont, Colonel of the 15th West. Virginia Infantry, and entered the Union Army. He served a little over three years, when he resigned and retired honorably discharged."
=========================================================
One of the provisions of Maxwell's Will "I give and bequeath to Tommy Pauley of Waynesburg, Greene Co, Penn (a Boy deprived of his sight, son of W & K Pauley) my Violin the same to be sent to him by my executors."
=========================================================
As found online in two places:
http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/BiosHistory/MemBio.cfm?ID=5006&body=S copied on June 15, 2016
Pennsylvania State Senate
Maxwell McCaslin Biography, 1802 - 1880
and
http://www.pasenategop.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CivilWar3.pdf
Virtue Liberty Independence, Pennsylvania's State Senators In the Civil War, 1861-1865, page 23.
[Both sources fail to include Maxwell's second but short marriage to Joanna (nee Chapman?) Hal 28 August 1853 in Harrisburg, PA “Col. McCaslin married Mrs. Joanna Hale, a lady with whom he boarded, and who is spoken of as a most estimable lady during her life; but unfortunately she died about a year after their marriage.” Source the Miami Republican newspaper, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas, Friday, January 9, 1880, page 1. Marriage date from Salem Reformed Church, Harrisburg.]
The Honorable Senator Maxwell McCaslin, born March 1, 1802, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia (West Virginia), was the son of Irish immigrants Francis and Jane Booth “McCausland.” The family moved to Waynesburg, Greene County, Pa. in 1807, where Max apprenticed as a bricklayer, pursuing a career as a masonry merchant through 1829. He moved to Wheeling with his wife Joanna Taylor, entering a partnership with B.B. Woodruff and James Bell, “droving” cattle for the Army to St. Louis and Philadelphia during the Black Hawk War.
Col. McCaslin’s military life began in 1822, enlisting as a member of the Franklin Rangers and the Washington-Greene Vanguards, ultimately rising to the regiment’s adjutant. Elected major in June 1828, McCaslin became Commonwealth Brigade Inspector in 1835, and Captain of Infantry in the Franklin Blues. In 1845, while a member of the state House of Representatives, Governor Shunk commissioned Maxwell “first aide” and colonel in the Pennsylvania Militia. As noted, McCaslin represented Greene County in the House from 1843 through 1845; the state Senate, 1848-1854; served as Speaker of the Senate, 1850 and 1854; was a presidential elector for Franklin Pierce in 1851, and emerged as a dedicated anti-Buchanan – pro-Cameron Democrat. His backing of Cameron and President Pierce (1852-56) earned an 1855 appointment as Osage River, Miami Indian Reservation agent in Kansas. In Bleeding Kansas during the 1857 Oxford Fraud, McCaslin protested the election-day invasion by non-resident Missourians to President James Buchanan, implicating a number of Buch’s friends in the process – comrades who engineered an election-day victory for slave states, but whose victorious margin exceeded the county’s qualified voters five to one. The President “awarded” the whistle-blower by relieving him of his government post. Infuriated, McCaslin bided time in Miami until the outbreak of the Civil War, aligning with the “War Democrat” faction.
After exposure to Buchanan’s high jinks, and with the advent of Lincoln’s ascendancy to the White House, Maxwell decided to put his military training to the test, moving to a farm he owned in Parkersburg, Virginia (W.Va.). He was commissioned colonel of the 15th West Virginia Inf., September 6, 1862, by W. Va. Gov. Pierpont; promoted Colonel; organized a company on Wheeling Island; and served through September 7, 1864, participating at Romney, Cloyd’s Mtn., Lynchburg, Snicker’s Ferry, Third Winchester (Opequon), Fisher’s Hill, Cedar Creek, and the Siege of Petersburg. Retiring from the military in poor health, he returned to Greene County, Pa. to recuperate. On April 14, 1865, during a visit to Washington D.C., Max attended Ford’s Theater, witnessing the assassination of President Lincoln.
The Colonel returned to state politics in 1868 as Kansas’s (unsuccessful) Democratic candidate for Secretary of State and remained an active member in the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) veterans association throughout his life. He is described as a “tall commanding figure, with a countenance expressive of stern quality and great decision of character: of a noble generous nature with a high sense of honor.” He died at Paola, Kansas, January 7, 1880, age 78.

Portrait: Col. McCaslin, Barrett Collection, USAMHI; also: William Hanna, History of Greene County, Pennsylvania (1882), 307; also: Marriage Records of Berkeley County, Virginia, 1781-1854, comp. Guy L. Keesecker (Martinsburg, West Virginia: Keesecker, 1969), 52; also: Pioneer History of Greene County, Pennsylvania, ed. Lewis K. Evans (Waynesburg, Pennsylvania: Waynesburg Republican, 1941), 166; also: “M. McCaslin, Brownsville, to Simon Cameron, December 30, 1854,” Roll 2, Cameron Papers, PSA; also: The Republican Citizen (Miami County), January 1880; also: George F. Emerson, Sketches of the Lives of the Members of the Pennsylvania Legislature (Philadelphia: C. Sherman, printer, 1849).
=========================================================
NOTE: It has been brought to my attention that some people doing genealogical research are confusing this Maxwell McCaslin with Maxwell McCausland, husband of Eliza Kirk, who may be found at the following link on Find A Grave:
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=62469566
Cause of death as stated in Federal Census Mortality Schedule: Apoplexy (stroke)

"Montani Semper Liberi"
Col. 15th W.Va. Vols. Sept. 6, 1862-Sept. 7, 1864

The Miami Republican, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas, Friday, January 9, 1880, page 1:

"Col. Maxwell McCaslin, who is very well known throughout Miami county, and who has been spending the declining years of his life quietly at his residence in this city, died suddenly about 10 o'clock on Wednesday. Since the death of Miss Ward, his housekeeper, which took place last summer, it has been noted among his friends that he was failing fast. Recently it has been apparent that old age had indeed laid its withering hand upon him, and that the day of final dissolution was not far off.

Col. McCaslin was a gentleman of the old school. His presence was sufficient to command respect. Added to a manly figure and a splendid military bearing were a kind heart and all qualities of a real gentleman. As a civilian and a soldier his career has been in all respects honorable and successful, and in many respects remarkable.

He was born March 1, 1802, in Martinsburg, Berkley county, Virginia, and consequently, at the time of his death, lacked two months of being 78 years of age. His parents, who were of Scotch-Irish descent, were in very moderate circumstances. When he was four years old his father moved to Waynesburgh, Greene county, Pennsylvania, where Maxwell acquired an education in the common schools, and where he displayed the characteristics which mark self made men, who, by their own force, rise to places of honor and usefulness in society. Arriving at the age of manhood, he became a bricklayer, at which trade for several years. Following this he bought a farm and followed farming and stock raising.

It is said of him that when quite young he took a lively interest in the military organizations of his State, and at the age of eighteen he became a member of a volunteer rifle company, called the Franklin Rangers, which company became one of nine forming a regiment known as the Washington and Green Van Guards, commanded by Col. Thos. Rigland. Col. McCaslin subsequently became a Quarter-master and a Adjutant of this regiment. In 1828 he was elected Mayor of the first battalion. In 1835 he was elected Brigadier Inspector over Mayor Samuel McGuire and Major R.H. Lindsay, two of the most prominent military men of the State of Pennsylvania, in which capacity he served seven years. In 1842 his fortunes changed and he was elected as a Democrat to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, to which he was twice re-elected. While serving in the capacity he was twice chairman of the committee on military affairs, and once chairman of the committee on ways and means. At the inauguration of Gov. Shurk he served as temporary Aid de Camp, to which position on the Governor's Staff he was afterwards appointed with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1845 Col. McCaslin was appointed one of a commission to suggest means for the equalization of taxes throughout the state. In 1848 he was elected State Senator from the district composed of Fayette and Green counties, and was elected speaker of the Senate by that body. In 1851 he was chosen to the Senate again from the district composed of Washington and Green counties, and was again chosen speaker. About this time Col. McCaslin married Mrs. Joanna Hale, a lady which whom he boarded, and who is spoken of as a most estimable lady during her life; but unfortunately she died about a year after their marriage.
In 1852 he became one of the Democratic electors on the Pierce ticket, and in 1855 he was appointed by Mr. Pierce agent for the Osage Indians, the agency being located in Paola. Speaking of him in this connection his biographer says: "In this station the most important duties devolve upon him. These were the most trying times of Kansas, and Col. McCaslin discharged all of his duties with such impartial justice and fairness as to command the respect of all parties." A statement that has never been called into question. Subsequently, on account of his exposure of the "Oxford fraud" in a letter to Hon. Charles R. Buckalow, which letter found its way into print, he was removed and Hon. Seth Clover became Indian agent in his stead.

Returning to Virginia in 1858 he returned to his farm near Parkersburg, where he resided until 1862, when, notwithstanding his advanced age of 60, he raised and was commissioned by Gov. Pierrepont, Colonel of the 15th West. Virginia Infantry, and entered the Union Army. He served a little over three years, when he resigned and retired honorably discharged."
=========================================================
One of the provisions of Maxwell's Will "I give and bequeath to Tommy Pauley of Waynesburg, Greene Co, Penn (a Boy deprived of his sight, son of W & K Pauley) my Violin the same to be sent to him by my executors."
=========================================================
As found online in two places:
http://www.legis.state.pa.us/cfdocs/legis/BiosHistory/MemBio.cfm?ID=5006&body=S copied on June 15, 2016
Pennsylvania State Senate
Maxwell McCaslin Biography, 1802 - 1880
and
http://www.pasenategop.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CivilWar3.pdf
Virtue Liberty Independence, Pennsylvania's State Senators In the Civil War, 1861-1865, page 23.
[Both sources fail to include Maxwell's second but short marriage to Joanna (nee Chapman?) Hal 28 August 1853 in Harrisburg, PA “Col. McCaslin married Mrs. Joanna Hale, a lady with whom he boarded, and who is spoken of as a most estimable lady during her life; but unfortunately she died about a year after their marriage.” Source the Miami Republican newspaper, Paola, Miami Co., Kansas, Friday, January 9, 1880, page 1. Marriage date from Salem Reformed Church, Harrisburg.]
The Honorable Senator Maxwell McCaslin, born March 1, 1802, Martinsburg, Berkeley County, Virginia (West Virginia), was the son of Irish immigrants Francis and Jane Booth “McCausland.” The family moved to Waynesburg, Greene County, Pa. in 1807, where Max apprenticed as a bricklayer, pursuing a career as a masonry merchant through 1829. He moved to Wheeling with his wife Joanna Taylor, entering a partnership with B.B. Woodruff and James Bell, “droving” cattle for the Army to St. Louis and Philadelphia during the Black Hawk War.
Col. McCaslin’s military life began in 1822, enlisting as a member of the Franklin Rangers and the Washington-Greene Vanguards, ultimately rising to the regiment’s adjutant. Elected major in June 1828, McCaslin became Commonwealth Brigade Inspector in 1835, and Captain of Infantry in the Franklin Blues. In 1845, while a member of the state House of Representatives, Governor Shunk commissioned Maxwell “first aide” and colonel in the Pennsylvania Militia. As noted, McCaslin represented Greene County in the House from 1843 through 1845; the state Senate, 1848-1854; served as Speaker of the Senate, 1850 and 1854; was a presidential elector for Franklin Pierce in 1851, and emerged as a dedicated anti-Buchanan – pro-Cameron Democrat. His backing of Cameron and President Pierce (1852-56) earned an 1855 appointment as Osage River, Miami Indian Reservation agent in Kansas. In Bleeding Kansas during the 1857 Oxford Fraud, McCaslin protested the election-day invasion by non-resident Missourians to President James Buchanan, implicating a number of Buch’s friends in the process – comrades who engineered an election-day victory for slave states, but whose victorious margin exceeded the county’s qualified voters five to one. The President “awarded” the whistle-blower by relieving him of his government post. Infuriated, McCaslin bided time in Miami until the outbreak of the Civil War, aligning with the “War Democrat” faction.
After exposure to Buchanan’s high jinks, and with the advent of Lincoln’s ascendancy to the White House, Maxwell decided to put his military training to the test, moving to a farm he owned in Parkersburg, Virginia (W.Va.). He was commissioned colonel of the 15th West Virginia Inf., September 6, 1862, by W. Va. Gov. Pierpont; promoted Colonel; organized a company on Wheeling Island; and served through September 7, 1864, participating at Romney, Cloyd’s Mtn., Lynchburg, Snicker’s Ferry, Third Winchester (Opequon), Fisher’s Hill, Cedar Creek, and the Siege of Petersburg. Retiring from the military in poor health, he returned to Greene County, Pa. to recuperate. On April 14, 1865, during a visit to Washington D.C., Max attended Ford’s Theater, witnessing the assassination of President Lincoln.
The Colonel returned to state politics in 1868 as Kansas’s (unsuccessful) Democratic candidate for Secretary of State and remained an active member in the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) veterans association throughout his life. He is described as a “tall commanding figure, with a countenance expressive of stern quality and great decision of character: of a noble generous nature with a high sense of honor.” He died at Paola, Kansas, January 7, 1880, age 78.

Portrait: Col. McCaslin, Barrett Collection, USAMHI; also: William Hanna, History of Greene County, Pennsylvania (1882), 307; also: Marriage Records of Berkeley County, Virginia, 1781-1854, comp. Guy L. Keesecker (Martinsburg, West Virginia: Keesecker, 1969), 52; also: Pioneer History of Greene County, Pennsylvania, ed. Lewis K. Evans (Waynesburg, Pennsylvania: Waynesburg Republican, 1941), 166; also: “M. McCaslin, Brownsville, to Simon Cameron, December 30, 1854,” Roll 2, Cameron Papers, PSA; also: The Republican Citizen (Miami County), January 1880; also: George F. Emerson, Sketches of the Lives of the Members of the Pennsylvania Legislature (Philadelphia: C. Sherman, printer, 1849).
=========================================================
NOTE: It has been brought to my attention that some people doing genealogical research are confusing this Maxwell McCaslin with Maxwell McCausland, husband of Eliza Kirk, who may be found at the following link on Find A Grave:
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=62469566


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