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Sir James Abbott

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Sir James Abbott

  • Birth 12 Mar 1807 Kent, England
  • Death 6 Oct 1896 Isle of Wight, England
  • Burial Guildford, Guildford Borough, Surrey, England
  • Memorial ID 35049152

British Military Figure. His actions led to the outbreak of the 2nd Anglo-Sikh War. He trained at the military college of the East India Company at Addiscombe, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Bengal artillery in 1823. In 1830 he took part in Sir John Keane's invasion of Afghanistan, and in 1842 was made assistant to the British Resident at Indore. In 1846 he became commissioner for settlement of the Punjab boundaries, before becoming Resident's assistant at Hazara in 1848. Soon after taking this post he accused Chatar Singh Atarivala, governor of Hazara, of plotting a Sikh uprising against the British. In August 1848, without any authority, he suppressed minor unrest in the Hazara Sikh Brigade, which he described as "the national rising of the Sikhs", by inciting Muslim peasants to destroy the Sikh Brigade. He then led a Muslim force against Hazara to expel Chatar Singh. During this action Commodore Canora, the artillery commander of Hazara, was killed by the Sikhs for supporting the British, and Abbott demanded retribution. Again acting without authority, he organized a jihad against the Sikhs, which provoked the Hazara revolt that led to the 2nd Anglo-Sikh War. He later published an account of his role in these events in "An Account of Personal Sandees at Hazara", and the city of Abbottobad, Pakistan, was named after him.

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: js
  • Added: 21 Mar 2009
  • Find A Grave Memorial 35049152
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Sir James Abbott (12 Mar 1807–6 Oct 1896), Find A Grave Memorial no. 35049152, citing Guildford Cemetery, Guildford, Guildford Borough, Surrey, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .