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 Samuel Cazier

Samuel Cazier

Brownsboro, Oldham County, Kentucky, USA
Death 12 Apr 1910 (aged 78)
Nephi, Juab County, Utah, USA
Burial Nephi, Juab County, Utah, USA
Plot Nc_B_1_7_3
Memorial ID 34956074 · View Source
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SAMUEL CAZIER, son of WILLIAM CAZIER and PLEASANT DRAKE, was born August 14, 1831 in Oldham County, Kentucky.

He was born in a log cabin by a little spring in the middle of a large field. After his brother, David, was born (1834), the family moved about a half mile and lived in a better house on a rented farm.

In 1841, the family moved to Moultrie County, Illinois, and ran the "Black Horse" Inn, which was located at Lovington, Illinois (150 miles south of Chicago, close to Decatur, Ill.)

In the fall of 1844, the family was driven out of this area because they had joined the Mormon Church. They moved to LaHarpe, Illinois, about 18 or 19 miles east of Nauvoo, Ill.

In the spring of 1846, they started west, crossed the wide Mississippi River at Fort Madison, Iowa, arriving at Highland Grove (on Keg Creek), Iowa in August of 1846. Iowa being so sparsely settled, they were forced to make their own roads, with great difficulty, also it rained so much they had to contend with deep mud. They camped sometimes a week in a place and then moved on again. Samuel suffered awfully with a toothache, no one had anything to pull teeth and no doctor in the camp.

Samuel was baptized a Mormon on 15 July 1846 and is reported to have been a very devoted church member.

They were told by Brigham Young to stop at Council Bluffs, "build cabins and cut hay for our cattal and go down in Missoury and work and get what we could and wait till next spring." They took abode in a hay shed, living there until the spring of 1851, when they started their long trek to Salt Lake in the company of sixty wagons under Captain Morris Phelps.

About the time they arrived at the Platte River, Samuel took sick with mountain fever and was expected to die, however, he pulled through this illness.

The last day of September 1851, they ascended the big mountain where they could see the Great Salt Lake Valley (the promised land). They arrived the next day (October 1) in Salt Lake City.

On October 22, 1851, Samuel and his family departed in covered wagons to Salt Creek settlement (Nephi, Utah) arriving on October 31, 1851. They built a log house on the west bank of Salt Creek. The logs were obtained from the canyon, a distance of 10 miles (probably Salt Creek Canyon, east of Nephi.)

In the spring of 1852, his father contracted to supply a saw mill with logs in Mountain Pleasant Canyon and Samuel chopped logs for him.

During the late summer of 1852, Indians began to be troublesome, which turned into the spirit of war and destruction. Chief Walker of the Ute Tribe went on the warpath and as Nephi was vulnerable on all four fronts, Samuel assisted in building an adobe fort on the two blocks where the courthouse and First Security Bank now stand.

The doors and windows were on the inside of the fort, with the outside walls being very thick and dotted with portholes to fire from. All men and boys over 15 had to bear arms and stand guard half the night, every other night, and work in the fields all day. This vigilance continued for 12 months until a treaty was signed.

On 1 November 1853, SAMUEL married HARRIETT ELMER, daughter of Cleon Elmer and Emily Clark. She was born 9 June 1834 in River Branch, Michigan. They were married in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City, Utah.

In 1857, City of Nephi furnished 50 volunteers to protect families and property from the rumored invasion by General Johnson's Army sent by President Buchanan to "exterminate the Mormons." Samuel was one of the volunteers. They went to Salt Lake and were ordered on October 10, 1857 to go to Echo Canyon as guards. On December 3, 1857, they were dismissed to go home. They traveled all night having traveled through cold and snow, arrived in Salt Lake at daybreak. They rested one day and started for home, arriving in Nephi on December 5, 1857.

During 1860, Samuel Cazier located a ranch near a place called "Chicken Creek," the forerunner of the present town of Levan. Martin Rawlins, Edcil Elmer, Ray Elmer and others followed soon afterwards.

In 1865, the Black Hawk Indian War broke out. To guard their town and assist in guarding neighboring settlements, two companies of Militia were organized in Nephi, consisting of a cavalry company, commanded by Captain Samuel Cazier. They also carried express to Fillmore and had a two week stint at Fort Gunnison. Samuel served in this war two years.

By May of 1866, most of the people living at Chicken Creek moved back to Nephi seeking safety against Indian attacks, however, most of the settlers returned to their homes during the fall, as they had attended their crops and their farms during the summer.

Samuel was elected Sheriff of Juab County and served in that capacity for a number of years.

The following passage was taken from: "They left a Record" by Keith N. Worthington, Sadie H. Greenhalgh and Fred J. Chapman:"

"Indians were not the only ones stealing cattle. A few whites indulged in the same pastime. During June 1868, Sheriff Samuel Cazier took a posse to Warm Springs west of the Settlements, in search of cattle thieves. A herd of cattle, stolen from Nephi was found and returned to Nephi and a man by the name of Marshall was arrested at Scipio and taken to Nephi to stand trial for the crime."

The 1880 United States Census lists Samuel Cazier's Occupation as Sheriff, so he must have served as Juab County Sheriff for some time. In the late 1880's Samuel and his family moved to Wellington (now known as Mills). This farm was located about 22 miles southwest of Nephi, on the bottom lands skirting the Sevier River as it passes through the mountains toward the great plain below. This farm is still referred to as the "Cazier Farm" although it has not been occupied by the Caziers since 1901. There is no ranch house standing now.

SAMUEL died 12 April 1910 in the home of his daughter Emily, attending physician D. O. Miner, and was buried in the same cemetery as his wife.

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  • Created by: Schott Family
  • Added: 18 Mar 2009
  • Find A Grave Memorial 34956074
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Samuel Cazier (14 Aug 1831–12 Apr 1910), Find A Grave Memorial no. 34956074, citing Nephi City Cemetery, Nephi, Juab County, Utah, USA ; Maintained by Schott Family (contributor 46932087) .