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Saint Andrew

Saint Andrew

Birth
Death unknown
Patra, Regional unit of Achaea, West Greece, Greece
Burial Saint Andrews, Fife, Scotland
Memorial ID 3376 · View Source
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Roman Catholic Saint. One of the original 12 disciples of Jesus Christ, he was the brother of Simon Peter, also one of the original disciples. He was probably born sometime in the early 1st century in the village of Bethsaida, located in the region of Judea on the Sea of Galilee, in present-day Israel. He was a fisherman by trade and was a follower of John the Baptist, according to the Gospel of John, but when Jesus passed through his village during his 3-year ministry, he personally called him to become one of his disciples. At the beginning of Jesus' public life, he and Simon Peter were said to have occupied the same house at Capernaum. After the death and ascension of Jesus, he preached in Asia Minor and Scythia, along the Black Sea and the Dnieper river as far as Kiev, in present-day Russia and from there he traveled to Novgorod. According to tradition, he founded the See of Byzantium (Constantinople) in AD 38. He is said to have been martyred by crucifixion at the city of Patras, in Achaea, a part of West Greece, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. The exact date of his death is unknown. Early texts, such as the Acts of Andrew known to Gregory of Tours, describe him as bound, not nailed, to a Latin cross of the kind on which Jesus is said to have been crucified. A tradition developed that had had been crucified at his request on an X-shaped cross, now commonly known as a "Saint Andrew's Cross," as he deemed himself unworthy to be crucified on the same type of cross as Jesus had been. His remains and other relics were kept at Patras until around 357 when they were moved to Constantinople by the order of Roman Emperor Constantius II and placed in the Church of the Holy Apostles. Following the sack of Constantinople in 1204 during the 4th Crusade, his relics that remained there were taken to Amalfi, Italy in 1208. In September 1964 Pope Paul VI, as a gesture of goodwill toward the Greek Orthodox Church, ordered that all of the relics of St. Andrew that were in Vatican City be sent back to Patras. he is the patron saint of several countries and cities including Barbados, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Ukraine, Amalfi in Italy, Esgueira in Portugal, Luqa in Malta, Paranaque in the Philippines, and Patras in Greece. His feast day is observed on November 30th in both the Eastern and Western churches.

Bio by: William Bjornstad


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 11 Aug 1998
  • Find A Grave Memorial 3376
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Saint Andrew (unknown–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 3376, citing Saint Andrews Cathedral Graveyard, Saint Andrews, Fife, Scotland ; Maintained by Find A Grave .