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 Satanta

Satanta

Original Name White Bear
Birth
Death 11 Oct 1878
Huntsville, Walker County, Texas, USA
Burial Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma, USA
Memorial ID 3143 · View Source
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Kiowa Sub-chief. Born Set-tain-te which roughly translates to White Bear. From the 1830s to the 1850s he participated in campaigns against the Cheyenne and Ute and rose to become an important sub-chief among the Kiowa. He, along with Gotebo, Kicking Bird. and Dohäsan, the principal chief of the Kiowa, negotiated the Treaty of the Little Arkansas. When Dohäsan died in 1866, Kiowa unity dissolved and several subchiefs, including Satanta, competed for prominence. He represented the Kiowa at the Medicine Lodge Treaty council in October 1867 where he was dubbed ‘the Orator of the Plains.' The failure of the Medicine Lodge Treaty by early 1868 sent the Kiowa back to raiding homesteader settlements. The US Army's winter campaign of 1868 against the southern plains Indians resulted in a series of military engagements designed to force the tribes to return to the reservations. Satanta and a co-chief surrendered to Col. Custer on December 17, were arrested, taken hostage, and held for nearly three months. In February 1869 their freedom was granted with the promise of a Kiowa return to the reservation and a cessation of hostilities. On the reservation, the leadership of the Kiowa fractured and factions lead by various sub-chiefs surfaced. Satanta broke out of the reservation with some one hundred tribesmen. They attacked the Warren wagon train on May 18, 1871 killing seven teamsters. After the raid, Satanta and his followers returned to Fort Sill to claim their rations where he was turned over to the Army to stand trial for murder. Found guilty, a death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment for fear of Kiowa retribution. He was paroled in August 1873, and began raiding again a year later. In the fall of 1874 he was rearrested and was returned to the Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville. In October 1878, he jumped to his death from the second story of the prison hospital. His remains were buried in the prison cemetery until 1963, when he was re-intered in the cemetery at Fort Sill.

Bio by: Iola


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 9 Jul 1998
  • Find A Grave Memorial 3143
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Satanta (unknown–11 Oct 1878), Find A Grave Memorial no. 3143, citing Fort Sill Post Cemetery, Fort Sill, Comanche County, Oklahoma, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .