American Author, Teacher, and Religious Leader. Born Mary Morse Baker in Bow, New Hampshire, she was the youngest of Mark and Abigail Baker's six children. A sickly child, her formal education was often interrupted by illness, so she read and studied at home. Her parents were deeply devout Congregationalists, but she rebelled against the doctrine of predestination at an early age. She married for the first time in December 1843 to George Washington Glover, he died the following June, and she returned to the family home in New Hampshire. She married for a second time in 1853, but Daniel Patterson abandoned her in 1866, and she finally divorced him in 1873 on grounds of desertion. Chronic illness dogged her and left her desperate for relief. She sought alternates to harsh medical treatments, and in 1866, a fall on an icy sidewalk left her critically injured and bedridden. Immobilized, she asked for her Bible. While reading an account of Jesus' healing, she found herself feeling well again, and she referred to this as the moment she discovered Christian Science. It wasn't enough for her that she was physically healed, she wanted to understand how, and set about studying her Bible. Years of intensive scriptural study, healing work, and teaching followed, culminating in the publication of 'Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures' in 1875. She taught her discoveries to others, and in 1877, she married one of her students, Asa Gilbert Eddy. In 1879, she secured a charter for the Church of Christ, Scientist, established "...to commemorate the word and works of our Master, which should reinstate primitive Christianity and its lost element of healing." In 1883, the 'Journal of Christian Science' was first published, and it still exists as 'The Christian Science Journal'. 'Miscellaneous Writings 1883-1896' was considered important enough, that in 1897 she requested her students spend the next year thoroughly reading it, and in 1888, a Christian Science Reading Room was opened in Boston. In 1894, Christian Scientists moved into their own building, The Mother Church, in Boston. In 1895, she published a church manual, establishing guidelines that are followed to this day, and she founded The Christian Science Publishing Society. She was often attacked for her teachings, and suffered the full fury of a Joseph Pulitzer yellow journalism campaign. In 1898, in a response to such endemic yellow journalism, she founded 'The Christian Science Monitor,' a newspaper written "...to injure no man, but to bless all mankind." The Church of Christ, Scientist has today, branches in 80 countries world wide. 'Science and Health' has been translated into 17 languages, and was voted by the Women's National Book Association as one of 75 books by women which have changed the world. In 1995, Mrs Eddy was inducted in the National Women's Hall of Fame, and in 2002, The Mary Baker Eddy Library was established in Boston.
Bio by: Iola