Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient, Artist. Served during the Civil War as a Drummer boy for Company E, 3rd Vermont Volunteer Infantry from 1861 to 1863. He was awarded the CMOH for his bravery at the Battle of Lees Mills, Virginia on April 16, 1862. His citation reads "Crossed the creek under a terrific fire of musketry several times to assist in bringing off the wounded". His Medal was issued in February 1865. At age 16, he was one of the youngest men to ever be awarded the CMOH. After the war he studied art and painting at the National Academy of Design, and was mentored by famed artist Emanuel Leutze. Drawing on what he witnessed during the war, he would become one of the pre-eminent Civil War artists of the 19th Century, and produced numerous works relating to the life of the soldier during the War. His most famous work would be "The Death of Sedgwick", which depicts the moment right after Union General John Sedgwick was killed by a sharpshooter in May 1864. The painting is often reproduced in modern day books about the Civil War, and the original still hangs in the Plainfield New Jersey Historical Society headquarters in the historic Drake House. In 1890 he became a special agent appointed by the Government sent to investigate the conditions of various Native American tribes who inhabited Oklahoma, New Mexico and Arizona. The investigation took three years of arduous travel, which contributed to his death at the young age of 55.
Bio by: RPD2