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 Eliza <I>Lucas</I> Pinckney

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Eliza Lucas Pinckney

  • Birth 27 Dec 1722 Barbuda, Antigua And Barbuda
  • Death 26 May 1793 Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA
  • Burial Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA
  • Memorial ID 28036633

Eldest daughter of Lieutenant Colonel George Lucas of Dalzell's Regiment of Foot in the British Army and Ann Lucas. Eliza had two brothers, Thomas and George, and a younger sister Mary (known to family as Polly). They were all sent to London for schooling. Eliza's favorite subject was botany.

In about 1738 the family moved from Antiqua to South Carolina where Col. Lucas had inherited three plantations from his father. In 1739, Col. Lucas had to return to his post in Antigua. Her mother lived until 1742 or later, but Eliza was managing the Bluff Plantation and its 20 slaves at the age of 16. She was also supervising the overseers at two other Lucas plantations, one which was inland and produced tar and timber, and the other which was a 3000 acre rice plantation on the Waccamaw River. During this same period Eliza oversaw her two younger siblings and as was customary then, she recorded her decisions and experiments in a letter book.

The following information submitted by Find A Grave member, Shawn Page Larimore, member #47833931. Facts:
Eliza married Charles Pinckney on May 25, 1744. She was 20 years old at the time. Eliza was the second wife of Charles Pinckney, and he was a planter on a neighboring plantation at the time.

Eliza soon gave birth to three sons and a daughter: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
George Lucas Pinckney died in infancy ( her father's namesake died soon after birth in June 1747.)
Thomas Pinckney
Harriott Pinckney Horry (born third)

In 1753 the family moved to London for five years.

Shortly after their return in 1758 to South Carolina, Charles Pinckney contracted malaria and died.
The surviving Pinckney sons became influential leaders.
Widowed, Eliza continued to manage their extensive plantations, in addition to the Lucas holdings. Most of her agricultural experiments took place before this time.

Eliza Lucas Pinckney died of cancer in Philadelphia in 1793. She is buried there. President George Washington was a pall bearer at her funeral.

Eliza wrote 3 volumes of letter books during her lifetime.

These letter books are one of the most complete collections of writing from 18th century America and provides a valuable glimpse into the life of an elite colonial woman living during this time period. Her writings detail goings on at the plantations, her pastimes, social visits, and even her experiments with indigo over several years. Many scholars consider this letter-book extremely precious because it describes everyday life over an extended period of time rather than a singular event in history. Eliza passed her letter-book onto her daughter Harriott, who in turn passed it to her daughter. The letter-books were passed down from mother to daughter well into the 20th century, at which point the Lucas-Pinckney family donated the letter-book to the South Carolina Historical Society.


Family Members


Inscription


In An Unmarked Grave Lie The Remains Of
Eliza Lucas Pinckney of South Carolina
1723-1793
She Was The Mother Of
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney And
Thomas Pinckney,
Patriots, Soldiers, Diplomats

Erected By The Eliza Lucas Chapter, Colonial Daughters Of The 17th Century


  • Maintained by: Sharon F. Corey
  • Originally Created by: raytracer
  • Added: 4 Jul 2008
  • Find A Grave Memorial 28036633
  • Sharon F. Corey
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Eliza Lucas Pinckney (27 Dec 1722–26 May 1793), Find A Grave Memorial no. 28036633, citing Saint Peter's Episcopal Churchyard, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, USA ; Maintained by Sharon F. Corey (contributor 46867193) .