Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

Bayamo, Granma, Cuba
Death 27 Feb 1874 (aged 54)
Cienfuegos, Cuba
Burial Santiago de Cuba, Municipio de Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
Memorial ID 27831099 · View Source
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Abogado y patriota cubano. Fue el primer cubano que se levantó en armas contra el poder colonial español, creando un movimiento revolucionario para iniciar la lucha por la Independencia. Murió heroicamente en combate en San Lorenzo.


On February 27, 1874 the ranchería de San Lorenzo, in the Sierra Maestra, saw Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, illustrious Cuban initiator of the independence movement on the Island, on October 10, 1868, fall in unequal combat against the Spaniards.

A few days later, the body is transported on a schooner that disembarks through the bay of Santiago de Cuba, and deposited in the shade of a tree in front of the old Navy and Captaincy Command of the city.

The chronicles of Emilio Bacardí tell us that, after the first hours of the morning, the body of those who were called by José Martí “The Marble Man”, was conducted and exhibited in the old Civil Hospital, with hardly any clothes.

In the afternoon they transported him in “La Lola” (a cart in which they transported the deceased poor in the area) to the Cemetery of Santa Ifigenia, today a National Monument, where their remains rest, and the three sites are kept suspiciously who welcomed his corpse in graveyard.

Thus, the first burial of the Father of the Cuban Homeland occurs, in a common grave, currently marked with a rock, signifying the solidity and endurance of the ideals defended by the patriot.

First tomb of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, in a common grave

Five years after his death, the remains are secretly buried and buried in the central courtyard of the necropolis, until on October 16, 1898 it is made public and a card donated by Jamaican immigration is placed, as an initiative of Bacardi .

Where Carlos Manuel de Cépedes was buried for the second time, today a Palma Real is planted

Where Carlos Manuel de Cépedes was buried for the second time, today a Palma Real is planted and located this card, it was donated by Jamaican immigration

Before the deplorable state in which the tomb of the hero was, in 1907 the Eastern Provincial Council adopted the agreement to improve it, which continued the execution of the project presented by the Italian Carlo Nicoli and entrusted to a firm of that European nation represented in the territory of Santiago.

Current tomb of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes at the Santa Ifigenia Cemetery in Santiago de Cuba

In a public ceremony chaired by the provincial governor, Colonel Rafael Manduley, on December 7, 1910 the monument was inaugurated, the result of a popular collection and the monetary donation of the State.

The mausoleum in honor of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was carved in Carrara marble and located in the central corridor of the cemetery, with overflowing allegory to elements of nature that represent the grateful Fatherland.

The expression of the group recounts that of the nation's independence struggle through attributes such as the Cuban flags and that of October 10, the shield tied by chains, the bell that replicated in Demajagua, and the French Mariana, in sincere tribute of the Cubans to the famous patriot.


Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, in full Carlos Manuel Perfecto del Carmen Céspedes y López del Castillo, (born April 18, 1819, Bayamo, Cuba—died February 27, 1874, San Lorenzo), Cuban revolutionary hero. Although his revolution failed, Céspedes started the Ten Years’ War (1868–78), which ultimately led to Cuban independence.

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Rolo
  • Added: 26 Jun 2008
  • Find a Grave Memorial 27831099
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Carlos Manuel de Céspedes (18 Apr 1819–27 Feb 1874), Find a Grave Memorial no. 27831099, citing Cementerio de Santa Ifigenia, Santiago de Cuba, Municipio de Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba ; Maintained by Find a Grave (contributor 8) .