Col Amandus Oscar “A. O.” Babel

Col Amandus Oscar “A. O.” Babel

Seguin, Guadalupe County, Texas, USA
Death 19 Jan 1896 (aged 39)
New York, USA
Burial Randolph, Cattaraugus County, New York, USA
Memorial ID 27669585 · View Source
Suggest Edits

On December 30, 1856, Amandus Oscar Babel was born in Seguin, Guadalupe County, Texas. The third son of German immigrants, "Oscar", as he was called by the family, was also the third of nine children. His father, Amandus Babel, had been born in Prussia in 1815, and had immigrated to the United States in 1852, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1855.

According to census records and to local history sources, Amandus, Sr. was a music teacher, giving lessons in violin, flute, piano and guitar at a cost of $5.00 per student. With such a talented father, it is safe to assume that the nine Babel children all grew up with more or less musical knowledge.

On 07 Jun 1880, Amandus married Emma Rumpel in Houston, Texas. The couple had one child, a daughter named Ida, born 03 Apr 1881. They divorced when Ida was a child, and Emma remarried Emile Clede. Ida took the name of her stepfather. Unfortunately, she died of typhoid fever when she was 21 years old.

At some time between 1870 and 1880, young Oscar left home. According to his biography, he became a scout, an interpreter and a cowboy. After a fall from his horse left him with a broken arm, he was taken to Fort Sill in Oklahoma to convalesce. In the parlor of the hospital stood an old piano. One day, being bored with keeping still, Oscar went up to the piano and opened it. Again according to his biography, he was amazed to find that, after a short while, he could play recognizable songs with his single hand. Once his broken arm healed, he was able to play with both hands, and all this without benefit of piano lessons.

"A.O.", as he was now called, began giving concerts to his fellow patients, and when he left the hospital, to a wider audience throughout Texas, California and Mexico. Finally, he made his debut in New York at Steinway Hall in September of 1886. The public went wild over this Buffalo Bill-like character who played Mozart, Vivaldi, Handel and Chopin while dressed in full buckskins and pistols. Newspaper articles extolled his "marvelous execution" and lauded his trick of covering the piano keys with a cloth and playing without being able to see the keyboard. At one point in his career, he supposedly claimed to be a spiritualist, and to play "under control".

Oscar (now occastionally referred to as "Alexander Babel") apparently married, because his wife, Miss Mattie Babel, the "Cow Girl Cornetist" is mentioned in several newspaper accounts. She is also mentioned, along with Oscar, in the 1892 New York State Census. The couple is living in Cattaraugus County; their occupations are listed as "musician". In one newspaper article, she is said to be the daughter of a James Williams, who lived near Randolph, New York. Finally, in A. O.'s obituary, Mrs. Babel is referenced as a survivor.

From 1885 until 1891, A. O. played all over the northeastern part of the United States. Newspaper articles from New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maine and Illinois trace his career. In the beginning, the articles were long and full of praise. But public opinion is a fickle thing. As time went by, A.O.'s novelty began to fade. Critics began to deride his technique and the quality of his playing, and even to suggest that, being the son of a music professor, his claim to be able to play by ear and without instruction was a fraudulent statement. A. O.'s venues went from vast concert halls to vaudeville stages to circus tents.

As his career waned, A.O. seemed to be content to settle in the town of Randolph, in Cattaraugus County, New York. At some point, he added the title "Colonel" to his name, though whether this is a courtesy title, or gained in some military action, is unknown. It was during his residence in Randolph that his biography was written. The "Life of A. O. Babel, The Original and Famous Texas Cowboy Pianist" was written by an author who used only his initials "A.E.K." and was published by Dick Publishing House of New York. The first half of the pamphlet outlines the early life of A. O., the discovery of his musical "gift" and his triumphant concerts over the years. The biography claims that the Queen of England summoned A. O. to play for her. Aside from family legend, and one entry on a Liverpool to New York ship's passenger list, this has not yet been substantiated. The second half of the biography is concerned with Colonel Babel's hints and instructions about the raising and training of horses.

Finally, on January 20, 1896, the Chicago Daily Tribune contained a short and simple announcement to the effect that Colonel A. O. Babel, the famous cowboy pianist, had died at his home at the age of 39. He was buried in the cemetery in Randolph, far from his Texas birthplace and the rest of his family. A complete obituary from the Randolph Register and Weekly Courant reads as follows:

"Death of Col. Babel

He Died at His Home in Randolph Last Sunday Afternoon

Col. A. O. Babel, known to the world as the famous cow-boy pianist, died at his home in Randolph, Sunday afternoon. He had been confined to his bed but a few days though his ailment was a complication of diseases resulting from heart trouble of long standing. Mr. Babel was born at Seguin, Texas and near that place now lives his aged mother with several brothers and sisters. He has made his home in Randolph for the last eight or nine years and has been an exemplary citizen; he leaves a large circle of friends who join Mrs. Babel in mourning his untimely death.

Col. Babel was the original cow-boy pianist and although he has had many imitators none succeeded in reaching his standard or attracting the public attention. He gave concerts in almost every town in the United States and Canada and was well-known in the concert halls of Europe and Australia. He was of mild-mannered and temperate disposition, accepting success or disappointment in his business as a matter of course and always ready to give assistance to any of his craft who needed help.

He was an active member of Randolph Lodge of Odd Fellows and the K. O. T. M. (researcher's note: Knights of the Maccabees) and took a great interest in the work of these bodies when he was at home.

Mr. Babel's funeral was held at his late residence on Washington street yesterday afternoon, Rev. S. M. Sartwell and Rev. E. A. Bishop officiating. The obsequises were attended by Odd Fellows and Maccabee lodges and a large concourse of friends and neighbors. Burial was made at Randolph cemetery."

Over a hundred years later, the Honorable Rick Perry, Governor of the State of Texas, designated A. O. Babel a "Texas Music Pioneer", thus giving the "Original and Famous Texas Cowboy Pianist" the lasting fame he so earnestly sought during his lifetime.

Biography and research by Donna Schulte Loth

"Oscar was briefly married to Emma Rumpel. They married 07 Jun 1880 in Houston, Texas. They had one child, Ida M, 1881-1902, who died unmarried. Ida took the name of her step-father, Emile Clede."

Above information from Find A Grave member Katie Mac

Family Members


  • Created by: Donna Schulte Loth
  • Added: 19 Jun 2008
  • Find a Grave Memorial 27669585
  • Donna Schulte Loth
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Col Amandus Oscar “A. O.” Babel (30 Dec 1856–19 Jan 1896), Find a Grave Memorial no. 27669585, citing Randolph Cemetery, Randolph, Cattaraugus County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Donna Schulte Loth (contributor 46568224) .