Roman Catholic Cardinal. A native of Poryck, Poland, present day Lutsk, Ukraine, Włodzimierz Czacki held the title of Earl and was a relative of Prince Cardinal Adam Sapieha who was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946. Receiving his early education at the Lyceum Krzemieckiego of Warsaw, he moved to Rome where he furthered his studies at the the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of S. Apollinare and the Pontifical Polish College. Ordained priest there in November 1867, he was named secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Studies, consultor of the First Vatican Council and later Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs on March 15, 1877. Elected archbishop of the titular see of Salamina, he received his episcopal consecration on August 17, 1879 from Cardinal Flavio Chigi. Named apostolic nuncio in France on September 19, 1879, Pope Leo XIII created him cardinal priest in the consistory of September 25, 1882 with the title of Santa Pudenziana. Experiencing bad health in his later days, death came however unexpectedly on March 8, 1888 in Rome, with cold weather accelerating his sudden demise at the early age of fifty three. Although he felt indisposed the night before his death, he still rose up at the usual time, celebrated mass and went to work. At around two in the afternoon, saying he felt tired, he retired to his chamber. After four hours, his staff started worrying because it was a rest longer than customary and not receiving an answer, entered his room and found him sitting on a sofa without signs of life. A doctor was hurriedly called, establishing that the Cardinal had died about three hours earlier. Exposed in the church of the Ss. XII Apostoli, he was temporarily buried in a simple oak coffin at the Campo Verano Cemetery of Rome until friends of his commissioned a multicoloured marble monument with the figure of the late Cardinal in bronze, intended to house his remains, which was set in the right aisle of his titular church. His remains seemed to be however lost and were not found until nearly a century later. Thanks to the investigations conducted by Msgr. Władysław Kosinski, then rector of the Marian Shrine della Mentorella, his tomb was ultimately located. Pope John Paul II authorized the transfer of his remains in 1981. Transported to his titular church, following a ceremony presided by Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, Secretary of State on March 25, 1982, the casket was placed in the crypt of the Caetani family.
Bio by: Eman Bonnici