Dedicated on September 24, 1891, the 42nd New York Infantry Monument was erected to honor the veterans of the regiment who fought for the Union Army at the Battle of Gettysburg during the Civil War. The regiment held the position where the monument stands on July 3, 1863 and assisted in repulsing Pickett's Charge on the final day of the three day battle. The impressive monument is near the High Water Mark and stands 31 feet tall complete with a distinctive bronze sculpture depicting an Indian chief in front of a tepee. The sculpture was completed by John J. Boyle and is positioned on a large granite base. The base has three bronze tablets affixed to its sides. The 42nd New York Infantry, also known as the "Tammany Regiment," was raised in New York City in June of 1861 for three years' service and consisted mostly of soldiers of Irish descent. They were recruited through the efforts of the Tammany Society, which was named for Chief Tammany, a Delaware Indian chief. At the Battle of Gettysburg, the regiment supported the 3rd Army Corps and lost 74 members. Throughout the war, the regiment participated in over 50 engagements and 19 significant battles including Antietam, Fredericksburg, Wilderness, and Petersburg. Union Major General Daniel Sickles was the keynote speaker at the dedication ceremony and read a lengthy account of the regiment's efforts.
Bio by: K Guy