Earl Claude George Bowes-Lyon, II

Earl Claude George Bowes-Lyon, II

Birth
Chelsea, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, Greater London, England
Death 7 Nov 1944 (aged 89)
Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Burial Glamis, Angus, Scotland
Memorial ID 25123096 · View Source
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Was a landowner and the maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II. From 1937 he was known as "14th and 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne", because he was the 14th Earl in the peerage of Scotland but the 1st Earl in the peerage of the United Kingdom. He was born at Lowndes Square in London, the son of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne and his wife, the former Frances Dora Smith. After being educated at Eton College he received a commission in the 2nd Life Guards. He served for six years until the year after his marriage to Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck on 16 July 1881, at Petersham, Surrey. The couple had ten children, of whom they were very fond. The Earl would part his moustache in a theatrical but courteous gesture before kissing them. On succeeding his father to the Earldom on 16 February 1904, he inherited large estates in Scotland and England, including Glamis Castle, St Paul`s Walden Bury,and Woolmers Park, near Hertford. He was made Lord Lieutenant of Angus, an office he resigned when his daughter became Queen. Despite The Earl`s reservations about royalty, in 1923 his youngest daughter, Elizabeth, married the King`s second son Prince Albert, Duke of York, and to mark the marriage Lord Strathmore was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. Five years later he was made a Knight of the Thistle. In 1936 his son-in-law`s brother, King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, abdicated and his son-in-law became King. As the Queen Consort`s father, he was created a Knight of the Garter and Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in the Coronation Honours of 1937. This enabled him to sit in the House of Lords as an Earl (because members of the Peerage of Scotland did not automatically sit in the House of Lords, he had previously sat only as a Baron through the Barony of Bowes created for his father). He had a keen interest in forestry, and was one of the first to grow larch from seed in Britain. His estates had a large number of smallholders and he had a reputation for being unusually kind to his tenants. He was an active member of the Territorial Army and served as Honorary Colonel of the 4th/5th Battalion of the Black Watch. His younger brother, Patrick Bowes-Lyon won the 1887 Wimbledon doubles. The Earl made his own cocoa for breakfast, and always had a jug of water by his place at dinner so he could dilute his own wine. Later in life he became extremely deaf. Lord Strathmore died at the age of 89 at Glamis Castle in Angus of bronchitis. (Lady Strathmore had died in 1938.) He was succeeded by his son, Patrick Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis.



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  • Created by: IrishDan
  • Added: 7 Mar 2008
  • Find A Grave Memorial 25123096
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Earl Claude George Bowes-Lyon, II (14 Mar 1855–7 Nov 1944), Find A Grave Memorial no. 25123096, citing Glamis Castle, Glamis, Angus, Scotland ; Maintained by IrishDan (contributor 46810933) .