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 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Famous memorial

Birth
Thessaloniki, Regional unit of Thessaloniki, Central Macedonia, Greece
Death
10 Nov 1938 (aged 57)
Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Burial
Ankara, Ankara, Turkey
Plot
Center
Memorial ID
2496 View Source

Founder and First President of Republic of Turkey. He was born in the Ottoman city of Salonika which is the modern day city of Thessaloniki in Greece. His mother enrolled him in a religious school but he rebelled, had a fight with teacher and left home to enroll in a military school. He went on to graduate from the War College in Istanbul and the War Academy. During the Gallipoli campaign in 1915 he became a military hero and in 1919 the leader of the Turkey national liberation struggle. He created a Parliamentarian form of government in 1923 and was elected as the first president, a position he held until his death in 1938. Independence was just the beginning of the sweeping changes that he was to institute over the coming years. In the years from 1926 to 1930 Islamic religious laws were abolished and a secular system was begun. A program of economic development was begun which included agricultural expansion as well as industrial and technological advances. One of his greatest challenges was to reform the existing language and in 1928 he abolished the Arabic script and developed the Turkish alphabet. This resulted in a necessity to advance the education of the Turkish people. Elementary education was made mandatory and the education of the Turkish women was given a very high priority. Although never mentioned in law, he promoted modern dress for women. Turkey was and remains a Muslim nation, but worship of other religions is permitted and Ataturk encouraged domestic production of alcohol and established a state-owned spirits industry. Today, Turkey is the most modern and most westernized of all Muslim nations, thanks to Ataturk. He died in Istanbul from cirrhosis of the liver.

Founder and First President of Republic of Turkey. He was born in the Ottoman city of Salonika which is the modern day city of Thessaloniki in Greece. His mother enrolled him in a religious school but he rebelled, had a fight with teacher and left home to enroll in a military school. He went on to graduate from the War College in Istanbul and the War Academy. During the Gallipoli campaign in 1915 he became a military hero and in 1919 the leader of the Turkey national liberation struggle. He created a Parliamentarian form of government in 1923 and was elected as the first president, a position he held until his death in 1938. Independence was just the beginning of the sweeping changes that he was to institute over the coming years. In the years from 1926 to 1930 Islamic religious laws were abolished and a secular system was begun. A program of economic development was begun which included agricultural expansion as well as industrial and technological advances. One of his greatest challenges was to reform the existing language and in 1928 he abolished the Arabic script and developed the Turkish alphabet. This resulted in a necessity to advance the education of the Turkish people. Elementary education was made mandatory and the education of the Turkish women was given a very high priority. Although never mentioned in law, he promoted modern dress for women. Turkey was and remains a Muslim nation, but worship of other religions is permitted and Ataturk encouraged domestic production of alcohol and established a state-owned spirits industry. Today, Turkey is the most modern and most westernized of all Muslim nations, thanks to Ataturk. He died in Istanbul from cirrhosis of the liver.

Bio by: Tom Todd


Inscription

ZAFERLERİ VE MAZİSİ
İNSANLIK TARİHİ İLE BAŞLAYAN
HER ZAMAN ZAFERLE BERABER
MEDENİYET NURLARINI TAŞIYAN
KAHRAMAN
TÜRK ORDUSU
MEMLEKETİNİ EN BUHRANLI VE
MÜŞKÜL ANLARDA ZULÜMDEN
FELÂKET VE MUSİBETLERDEN VE
DÜŞMAN İSTİLÂSINDAN NASIL
KORUMUŞ VE KURTARMIŞ İSEN
CUMHURİYETİN BUGÜNKÜ FEYİZLİ
DEVRİNDE DE ASKERLİK TEKNİ-
ĞİNİN BÜTÜN MODERN SİLAH
VE VASITALARI İLE MÜCEHHEZ
OLDUĞUN HALDE VAZİFENİ AYNI
BAĞLILIKLA YAPACAĞINA HİÇ
ŞÜPHEM YOKTUR.
TÜRK VATANININ VE TÜRKLÜK
CAMİASININ ŞAN VE ŞEREFİNİ
DÂHİLÎ VE HARİCÎ HER TÜRLÜ
TEHLİKELERE KARŞI KORUMAK-
TAN İBARET OLAN VAZİFENİ
HER AN İFAYA HAZIR VE AMADE
OLDUĞUNA BENİM VE BÜYÜK
ULUSUMUZUN TAM BİR İNAN VE
İTİMADIMIZ VARDIR. 29 EKİM 1938
CUMHURBAŞKANI
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK

ATATÜRK'ÜN TÜRK ORDUSU'NA
SON MESAJI
ZAFERLERİ VE MAZİSİ İNSANLIK TARİHİ İLE BAŞLAYAN,
HER ZAMAN ZAFERLE BERABER MEDENİYET NURLARINI
TAŞIYAN KAHRAMAN TÜRK ORDUSU !
MEMLEKETİNİ EN BUHRANLI VE MÜŞKÜL ANLARDA
ZULÜMDEN, FELÂKET VE MUSİBETLERDEN VE DÜŞMAN
İSTİLÂSINDAN NASIL KORUMUŞ VE KURTARMIŞ İSEN,
CUMHURİYETİN BUGÜNKÜ FEYİZLİ DEVRİNDE DE
ASKERLİK TEKNİĞİNİN BÜTÜN MODERN SİLAH VE
VASITALARI İLE MÜCEHHEZ OLDUĞUN HALDE,
VAZİFENİ AYNI BAĞLILIKLA YAPACAĞINA HİÇ
ŞÜPHEM YOKTUR.
TÜRK VATANININ VE TÜRKLÜK CAMİASININ ŞAN VE
ŞEREFİNİ, DÂHİLÎ VE HARİCÎ HER TÜRLÜ TEHLİKELERE
KARŞI KORUMAKTAN İBARET OLAN VAZİFENİ, HER AN
İFAYA HAZIR VE AMADE OLDUĞUNA BENİM EN BÜYÜK
ULUSUMUZUN TAM BİR İNAN VE İTİMADIMIZ VARDIR.
29 EKİM 1938
CUMHURBAŞKANI
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
BU MESAJ ATATÜRK'UN DOĞUMUNUN 100.
YILINDA ANITKABİR'E KİTABE OLARAK
YAZILMIŞTIR.

INSCRIPTION OF ATATÜRK'S
LAST MESSAGE TO THE TURKISH ARMY
I ADDRESS THE TURKISH ARMY WHOSE RECORD OF
VICTORY STARTED AT THE DAWN OF THE HISTORY
OF MANKIND AND WHICH HAS CARRIED THE LIGHT
OF CIVILIZATION IN ITS VICTORIOUS PROGRESS.
IF YOU SAVED YOUR COUNTRY FROM OPPRESSION,
TRAGEDY AND ENEMY INVASION IN THE MOST
CRITICAL AND DIFFICULT TIMES, I HAVE NO DOUBT
THAT IN THE FRUITFULL ERA OF THE REPUBLIC
EQUIPPED WITH ALL THE MODERN WEAPONS
AND MEANS OF MILITARY SCIENCE, YOU WILL
CONDUCT YOUR DUTY WITH THE SAME LOYALTY.
OUR GREAT NATION AND I ARE SURE THAT YOU ARE
ALWAYS PREPARED TO CARRY OUT YOUR DUTY OF
DEFENDING THE HONOUR OF OUR COUNTRY
AND OUR CIVILIZATION AGAINST ANY DANGER,
FROM INSIDE OR OUTSIDE.
OCTOBER 29, 1938
PRESIDENT
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
THIS MESSAGE HAS BEEN INSCRIBED ON
THE WALL OF THE MAUSOLEUM ON THE OCCASION
OF THE CENTENNIAL OF ATATÜRK'S BIRTH.

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Added: 25 Apr 1998
  • Find a Grave Memorial ID: 2496
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/2496/mustafa-kemal-atat%C3%BCrk: accessed ), memorial page for Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881–10 Nov 1938), Find a Grave Memorial ID 2496, citing Anitkabir Mausoleum, Ankara, Ankara, Turkey; Maintained by Find a Grave .