The Photo Request has been fulfilled.

 
 José Julián Martí Pérez

José Julián Martí Pérez

Birth
Havana, La Habana, Cuba
Death 19 May 1895 (aged 42)
Cuba
Burial Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
Memorial ID 2494 · View Source
Suggest Edits

Poet, Painter, Writer, and Journalist. He is considered the Father of Cuban Independence. A poem from his book of collective poems "Versos Sencillos" was later put to music, becoming the song "Guantanamera," one of Cuba's most famous musical pieces. Born in Havana, Cuba, to Mariano Marti and Leonor Perez Cabrera, the oldest brother to seven sisters. When he was four years old, his family moved to Valencia, Spain, but after two years, they returned to Cuba, where he attended the local public school. In 1867, he enrolled at the Professional School for Painting and Sculpting in Havana, intending upon a career as a professional artist. In 1869, at the age of 13, he began writing political commentary for the newspaper "El Diablo Cojuelo." That same year, he published "Abdala" a patriotic drama in verse form, in the book "La Patria Libre," as well as his most famous sonnet "10 de Octubre." In March 1869, Cuban authorities shut down the school due to rising Cuban patriotism, and making him more resentful of Spanish rule in Cuba. He also developed an intense dislike of slavery, which was still practiced in Cuba. In October 1869, he was arrested on a charge of treason, and was sentenced to six years in prison, despite being only 16 years old. He spent his prison time on the Isla de Pinos, a small penal colony offshore from Cuba, and eventually, was exiled to Spain. In Spain, he studied law and wrote articles criticising Spanish rule in Cuba, and there he graduated with a bachelor of arts, while obtaining his license to practice law. From there, he travelled to France, and in 1877, returned to Cuba where he found employment as a professor of history and literature in Guatemala City. In 1880, he travelled to New York City, where he organized the Cuban exile community to support revolution and Cuban independence. He looked mostly to the US for monetary support of the revolution, and strongly opposed US intervention in Cuba, believing that US intervention would result in continual American interference in Cuban affairs at its best, and American annexation of Cuba at its worst. On March 25, 1895, he published the Manifesto of Montecristi, proclaiming Cuban independence, an end to all legal racial distinctions, and friendship to Spain. On April 11, 1895, he landed in Cuba with a force of rebel exiles, to begin a real war for independence, and was killed by Spanish troops at the Battle of Dos Rios on May 19, 1895. Three years later, the United States invaded Cuba to bring about its independence from Spain.

Bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson


Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

How famous was José Julián Martí Pérez?

Current rating:

54 votes

Sign-in to cast your vote.

  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 1 Jan 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 2494
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for José Julián Martí Pérez (28 Jan 1853–19 May 1895), Find A Grave Memorial no. 2494, citing Cementerio de Santa Ifigenia, Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba ; Maintained by Find A Grave .