Otto Hahn

Otto Hahn

Birth
Frankfurt am Main, Stadtkreis Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany
Death 28 Jul 1968 (aged 89)
Gottingen, Landkreis Göttingen, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany
Burial Gottingen, Landkreis Göttingen, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany
Plot Abt. VB 01 No. 32/33
Memorial ID 23903675 · View Source
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Chemist. Nobel laureate in Chemistry 1944. Best known for his research into nuclear chemistry and radioactivity, it was his work proving the existence of nuclear fission that won him the Nobel Prize. With Lise Meitner, he was the discoverer of the element 91, protactinium during work in 1971-1918. He studied chemistry at the University of Marburg, receiving his Ph.D. in 1901 and then moved to England in 1904 where he began to study radiochemistry under Ramsey, discovering and isolating a number of isotopes of radioactive elements. In 1905 he went to Monteral to work with Rutherford at McGill University, where he discovered more isotopes. Returning to Germany in 1906, he began work at the University of Berlin and met his best known co-worker, Lise Meitner in 1907. They would collaborate for the next 30 years as close friends. In 1936, he published one of his most important works, Applied Radiochemistry, which had a major influence on the later work of Glenn Seaborg, who would go on to discover many of the transuranium elements at Berkeley. In 1938, he was able with his co-workers to confirm and describe the concept of nuclear fission, for which he would receive the 1944 Nobel Prize, though he was not permitted to accept it by Hitler. He contined to work on this topic throughout the war, though he was not a part of the Nazi atomic bomb project (possibly due to his working with Meitner, who fled Germany in 1938, as well as his anti-Nazi stance). After the war, he was interned in England, returning to Germany in 1946, where he settled in Göttingen. He founded (1946) and was first president of the Max Planck Society and came out strongly against the use of atomic energy for military purposes. As a result of his disarmament work, he was repeatedly nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize. He was originally the namesake for element 105, as hahnium, but this was later rejected by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry in favor of dubinium. He has appeared on postage stamps of both East and West Germany, and a commemorative 5 mark West German coin was issued in his honor in 1979 on the 100th anniversary of his birth. A number of scientific awards bear his name, as well as craters on the Moon and Mars and an asteroid.

Bio by: Kenneth Gilbert


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Idefix
  • Added: 11 Jan 2008
  • Find a Grave Memorial 23903675
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Otto Hahn (8 Mar 1879–28 Jul 1968), Find a Grave Memorial no. 23903675, citing Stadtfriedhof Göttingen, Gottingen, Landkreis Göttingen, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany ; Maintained by Find A Grave .