American Statesman, Military Leader. He served as the 65th Secretary of State under President George W. Bush from January 20, 2001 to January 26, 2005. He also served as the 12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under both Presidents George H.W. Bush and William J. Clinton from October 1, 1989 to September 30, 1993. He grew up in the Harlem and South Bronx sections of New York City and attended the City College of New York, where he served in the R.O.T.C.. Upon graduation, he entered the Army and later served in Vietnam in both 1962-1963 and 1968-1969. He went on to study at George Washington University. In 1972, he took his first political position, first as a White House fellow and then as an assistant to Frank Carlucci, the assistant director of the Office of Management and Budget. He continued to serve in government positions, both at the Pentagon and the White House, throughout the 1970s and 1980s, before being appointed National Security Advisor in 1987. He served in this position until 1989. That year, he became a four-star general and was appointed Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He went on to play a leading role in both the invasion of Panama and the Desert Shield and Desert Storm portion of the Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991. In 1993, he retired from the military. He was appointed Secretary of State by President George W. Bush in 2001 and went on to serve for the next four years. During his tenure, he unsuccessfully sought broader support for the Iraq War and in 2003, made a controversial speech before the United Nations that was later found to be based on faulty intelligence. He resigned his post in January of 2005 and continued in the public arena until his passing. He wrote several books including his autobiography "My American Journey" in 1995 and "It Worked for Me: In Life and Leadership" in 2012.
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye