Civil War Union Major General. One of the Civil War's best known cavalry commanders. He performed detailed reconnaissance during the 2nd Bull Run Campaign, where his information was ignored by superiors. Had it been heeded, the Union disaster may have been avoided. Commanded the Army of the Potomac's Reserve Cavalry division in the Chancellorsville campaign. Performed his greatest, and most well-known, feat in the opening of the Battle of Gettysburg on July I, 1863. His 2 brigades of Cavalry, fighting mostly dismounted, held off attacks by Confederate forces around the town, and allowed oncoming Union troops to take control of the high grounds south if Gettysburg. These strong defensible positions contributed largely to the Federal victory. Tragically, his months of hard fighting broke his health, and he died before the year was over. His commission of Major General was given to him just before he died.
Bio by: RPD2