Communist Militant, Guerrilla, Activist. Mario Álvaro Cartagena López, nicknamed ''El Guaymas,'' was a Mexican guerrilla and activist, a member of the Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre (September 23rd Communist League) and the Comité 68 Pro Libertades Democráticas (Committee 68 Pro Democratic Freedoms). Cartagena joined the September 23rd Communist League in the early 1970s. He was arrested for the first time on January 19, 1974, also being a victim of torture, and imprisoned in the Guadalajara prison. He escaped from prison in the escape of January 22, 1976. Once released, he rejoined the guerrilla activities of the Communist League on the outskirts of Guadalajara. He was arrested in the Colonia del Valle of the Mexican capital on April 5, 1978, after receiving seven shots after being mistaken for a common criminal. Once detained, Cartagena was taken by the 'White Brigade' from the headquarters of the Mexican Red Cross to be transferred to Military Camp Number One of the Mexican Army, where he was tortured. During the event, "El Guaymas" was one of the last people to see Alicia de los Ríos Merino alive. As a result of the torture, his leg was amputated at the Central Military Hospital. Thanks to social mobilization and the support of organizations such as Amnesty International to put pressure on the Mexican government, Cartagena saved his life. He was released after the 1978 Amnesty Law, in 1982. After being released, he held various jobs, including maintenance in the Mexico City Metro. At the same time, he continued his activism for the presentation of his life companions and was a member of the 68 Committee for Democratic Freedoms.
Bio by: Ola K Ase