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 Nathan Farragut Twining

Nathan Farragut Twining

Birth
Monroe, Green County, Wisconsin, USA
Death 29 Mar 1982 (aged 84)
San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, USA
Burial Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA
Plot Section 30, Site 434-2
Memorial ID 22858 · View Source
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United States Air Force General. Born in Monroe, Wisconsin, his family then moved to Oregon, and in 1916, he joined the National Guard, serving with the Third Oregon Infantry. Rising to the rank of first sergeant in the Guard, he won appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1917. Because of an accelerated wartime program, he graduated in November 1918 as a 2nd Lieutenant of Infantry. After the Armistice ended World War I he remained at the Academy as an officer cadet until June 1919. He was then posted to Germany as a military observer. He attended Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia in September 1919, and was graduated in June 1920. He attended flight school in 1923, and transferred to the United States Army Air Service in 1926. In February 1929, he joined the 18th Pursuit Group at Schofield Barracks in Hawaii. He was posted to Fort Crockett, Texas in March 1932, and was assigned to the Third Attack Group as a squadron commander. In August he joined the 90th Attack Squadron and a month later, the 60th Service Squadron. In 1935, he attended the Air Corps Tactical School at Maxwell Field in Alabam,a. After he completed training, and the Army Command and General Staff School, he was assigned Air Corps Technical Supervisor at the San Antonio Air Depot, Texas. In August 1940, he was reassigned to the Office of the Chief of Air Corps in Washington, D.C. He joined the Operations Division in December 1941, and in 1942, he was appointed director of War Organization and Movements. In July of that year, he was appointed chief of staff to Major General M.F. Harmon, commanding general of the United States Army Forces in the South Pacific. In January 1943, he assumed command of the Thirteenth Air Force, and in February was promoted to Major General. His B-17 was forced down by weather in the Coral Sea off the New Hebrides on February 26th, 1943, and he and his crew spent five days adrift before being rescued. In late 1943, he was transferred to the Mediterranean theater, where he assumed command of the Fifteenth Air Force and the Mediterranean Allied Strategic Air Forces. In June 1945, he received a promotion to Lieutenant General and returned to the Pacific Theater as Commander of the Twentieth Air Force. He directed the final air strikes against Japan. After VJ Day, he returned to the United States in October 1945. After the formation of the United States Air Force in 1947, he was appointed Commanding General of the Alaskan Department and Commander-in-Chief of the Alaskan Command. He was promoted to Major General in February 1948. In July 1950, he returned to Washington and was appointed Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel at Air Force Headquarters. In October, he was appointed Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force and promoted to full General. In June 1953, he was named Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, and he became the third Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on August 15, 1957; the first Air Force officer to serve in that capacity, where he was an advocate of air power and military preparedness. He retired in September 1960, and took a position with the publishing firm Holt, Rinehart, and Winston from which he published “Neither Liberty Nor Safety: A Hard Look at US Military Policy and Strategy” in 1966. He was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1976.

Bio by: Iola



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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 2 Jul 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 22858
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Nathan Farragut Twining (11 Oct 1897–29 Mar 1982), Find A Grave Memorial no. 22858, citing Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .