Mauritian Statesman. He served as the 4th President of Mauritius from October 7, 2003 to March 31, 2012. He also served as the Prime Minister of Mauritius for three different tenures (June 30, 1982 to December 15, 1995, September 12, 2000 to October 7, 2003, December 17, 2014 to January 23, 2017). He trained as a lawyer and entered politics in 1963 when he was elected to parliament. In 1965, he participated in a historic conference in London that paved the way for the adoption of a constitution in the then-British colony, and independence some three years later. He left parliament in 1967 and three years later, joined the political party MMM (Mauritian Militant Movement). After the 1976 elections, he was elected to parliament again and became leader of the opposition. He served in this position until 1982, when he became prime minister after his party, in an alliance with another party, won the election. He would go on to serve as prime minister until 1995, when the opposition won the election. In 2000, he became prime minister for the second time and served until 2003, when he was appointed to the ceremonial post of president. He served as president until 2012, when he resigned from the post. In 2014, he began his third tenure as prime minister and served until his resignation in 2017. His son Pravind succeeded him as prime minister. In the years under his rule, Mauritius developed from a poor, agriculture-based economy into one of Africa's richest countries, a miracle often attributed to him. He remained in the public arena until his passing.
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye