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 Chaim Shmuel Blumenthal

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Chaim Shmuel Blumenthal

Birth
Latvia
Death
1900 (aged 59–60)
Latvia
Burial
Sabile, Talsu Novads, Kurzeme, Latvia
Memorial ID
227836773 View Source

Chaim Shmuel Blumenthal was from the Courland (Kurland in German) region of Western Latvia, where the Blumenthal name (בלומנטל often transliterated as Blumental) goes back several generations. Born in about 1840, Chaim Shmuel married Chassah Hosiasson in about 1859 and they had some fourteen children; all are believed to have been born in Sabile (Zabeln in German).

Chaim Shmuel's first names – חיים שמואל – are seen spelled on children's marriage and death certificates as Chaim Shmuel, as well as Hiram, Henry, Samuel and Hyman Schmuyle. In Latvian records, one finds Khaim, Kaim, Haim and Chajim. From family records, he died in about 1900, likely in Sabile.

Chaim Shmuel was one of four known sons of Mordechai Blumenthal (on some records, the name is Markus Blumenthal). The others may include half-brothers, including Mordechai's namesake Mordechai Blumenthal, about whom little is known, and (likely) Nathan Blumenthal (1842-1915). The family of Chaim Shmuel's older brother Herschel is well documented: Hirsch Blumenthal (1825-1930), who also had nine children (see memorial page #199389589), lived to be 105 years old. Hirsch Blumenthal and some of his descendants emigrated to Chicago.

While outside of the Pale of Settlement, the Courland region was nonetheless affected by pogroms of the 1880s and generalized antisemitism that encouraged many Jews of the Russian Empire to emigrate. Six of Chaim and Chassah's nine children left for the United States. The three who did not leave Latvia were Jacob Saul, Feige and Raisa, although nine of Jacob Saul's children and all five of Raisa Blumenthal Jaffe's sons also emigrated to the U.S. (to Cleveland, Ohio).

The first of Chaim and Chassah's children to leave Latvia was their son William, in 1888, followed soon after by Julius (1890), Marcus (1893) and Harry (1894). The four brothers settled in Michigan; Marcus later moved to Cleveland, then to Los Angeles in about 1928. Daughter Rose Blumenthal married Isaac Mandelstam and emigrated with him in 1890 first to Brooklyn, then Boston. Chaim and Chassah's youngest son Adolf emigrated to Michigan in 1903, returned to Latvia where he married, and settled in Boston with his wife Hantze when they arrived together in 1911.

Chaim Shmuel and Chassah Blumenthal's nine known adult children (they had at least 3 other children who died in infancy):

* Jacob Saul Blumenthal (±1860-1917) married Henrietta Loewenthal. They had ten children, all born in Sabile. Three emigrated to the U.S. before the 1915 expulsion during which Jacob and son Paul died. Jacob's widow and all the other children emigrated to the United States (seven lived in Cleveland, Ohio, where five remained and are buried).

* Marcus Blumenthal (1860-1944) married Harriet Baumgart in Michigan where they lived before moving to Ohio, then settling in Los Angeles in 1928. They had five children.

* Rose Blumenthal Mandelstam (1865-1936) had seven children with her husband Isaac Mandelstam, a watchmaker and pawnbroker. They married in Latvia in 1889, emigrated in 1890 and lived in Boston.

* William Blumenthal (1867-1945) emigrated to Michigan in 1888 where he married Anna Sempliner in 1895. They ran a general store in Howell. After her death, William married Louisa Urbani in 1925. They lived in Detroit. A clothing merchant, he did not have any children.

* Raisa Blumenthal Jaffe (1868-1936) married Meyer Jaffe. They lived in Žagaré, Lithuania, and would visit family in Riga (where Raisa died). Raisa and Meyer did not emigrate but all five of their sons did, to Cleveland, Ohio (two subsequently moved to California).

* Harry Blumenthal (1871-1951) emigrated to Michigan where he ran his own store in Standish. He did not have any children.

* Feige Blumenthal Fain (1877-1941) married Jankel Fain in October 1900 in Sabile where they lived before moving to Riga. They had two daughters: Gita, who (with her husband and son) was a victim of the Holocaust, and Cipora (who had two sons), who survived the war. Feige Fain and others living in Riga were deported in 1941 and killed; the precise death dates for Feige ("Fannie") and Jankel ("Jacob") Fain are unknown.

* Julius Blumenthal (1879-1947) emigrated to Michigan. He and his wife Olga Mark had three children (one died as a baby).

* Adolf Blumenthal (1880-1959) and his wife Hantze did not have any children. They lived in Winthrop, Massachusetts where they ran a general store (listed as a clothing store on the 1940 census).


Chaim Shmuel and Chassah Blumenthal's eldest son Jacob Saul Blumenthal and grandson Paul died during the period when thousands of Jews living in Latvia, including the Blumenthal family of Sabile, were expelled from the country in 1915 and deported to interior Russia (not all returned to Sabile in 1917-1918).

Raisa Blumenthal's husband Meyer Jaffe was from Lithuania, where their five sons were born (in Žagaré, near the Latvian border). Raisa Jaffe died in Riga, Latvia, where her sister Feige Fain and family lived. Her permanent address was listed as Žagaré. Raisa likely often visited Riga as there are studio photos of the sisters and children taken there.

A number of Jewish cemeteries in Latvia were destroyed during and after WWII; others were abandoned. These could include the graves of those in the family who died and were buried prior to the Holocaust: Chaim Shmuel and Chassah Blumenthal (likely buried in Sabile), as well as their daughter Raisa Jaffe (likely buried in Riga).

Most of the Jews of Latvia (over 95,000 prior to WWII) were killed during the German occupation (1941-44). Chaim and Chassah's granddaughter Gita was sent to the Riga ghetto in 1941 and likely died there (as did her husband) or she and their son were among the some 30,000 Jews from the Riga ghetto (and elsewhere) who were murdered in late 1941, as commemorated at the site of the Rumbula Memorial (where one can find others named Blumenthal). Prior to WWII, some members of the Blumenthal and Jaffe families emigrated to the U.S. from the port city of Liepaja, Latvia. The Liepaja Massacre Victims memorial page includes some 7,000 names of the victims of the June 1941 massacre of the Jews of Liepaja, where there are many family names, including (with these spellings): Blumental, Jaffe, Joelson and Mandelstamm.

Two great-grandsons inherited Chaim Shmuel's name: Harold Kahn (1917-2002) and Harold Samuel Spear (1927-1993). Harry Jaffe (1903-1971) was perhaps also named after his great-grandfather.

Chaim Shmuel Blumenthal was from the Courland (Kurland in German) region of Western Latvia, where the Blumenthal name (בלומנטל often transliterated as Blumental) goes back several generations. Born in about 1840, Chaim Shmuel married Chassah Hosiasson in about 1859 and they had some fourteen children; all are believed to have been born in Sabile (Zabeln in German).

Chaim Shmuel's first names – חיים שמואל – are seen spelled on children's marriage and death certificates as Chaim Shmuel, as well as Hiram, Henry, Samuel and Hyman Schmuyle. In Latvian records, one finds Khaim, Kaim, Haim and Chajim. From family records, he died in about 1900, likely in Sabile.

Chaim Shmuel was one of four known sons of Mordechai Blumenthal (on some records, the name is Markus Blumenthal). The others may include half-brothers, including Mordechai's namesake Mordechai Blumenthal, about whom little is known, and (likely) Nathan Blumenthal (1842-1915). The family of Chaim Shmuel's older brother Herschel is well documented: Hirsch Blumenthal (1825-1930), who also had nine children (see memorial page #199389589), lived to be 105 years old. Hirsch Blumenthal and some of his descendants emigrated to Chicago.

While outside of the Pale of Settlement, the Courland region was nonetheless affected by pogroms of the 1880s and generalized antisemitism that encouraged many Jews of the Russian Empire to emigrate. Six of Chaim and Chassah's nine children left for the United States. The three who did not leave Latvia were Jacob Saul, Feige and Raisa, although nine of Jacob Saul's children and all five of Raisa Blumenthal Jaffe's sons also emigrated to the U.S. (to Cleveland, Ohio).

The first of Chaim and Chassah's children to leave Latvia was their son William, in 1888, followed soon after by Julius (1890), Marcus (1893) and Harry (1894). The four brothers settled in Michigan; Marcus later moved to Cleveland, then to Los Angeles in about 1928. Daughter Rose Blumenthal married Isaac Mandelstam and emigrated with him in 1890 first to Brooklyn, then Boston. Chaim and Chassah's youngest son Adolf emigrated to Michigan in 1903, returned to Latvia where he married, and settled in Boston with his wife Hantze when they arrived together in 1911.

Chaim Shmuel and Chassah Blumenthal's nine known adult children (they had at least 3 other children who died in infancy):

* Jacob Saul Blumenthal (±1860-1917) married Henrietta Loewenthal. They had ten children, all born in Sabile. Three emigrated to the U.S. before the 1915 expulsion during which Jacob and son Paul died. Jacob's widow and all the other children emigrated to the United States (seven lived in Cleveland, Ohio, where five remained and are buried).

* Marcus Blumenthal (1860-1944) married Harriet Baumgart in Michigan where they lived before moving to Ohio, then settling in Los Angeles in 1928. They had five children.

* Rose Blumenthal Mandelstam (1865-1936) had seven children with her husband Isaac Mandelstam, a watchmaker and pawnbroker. They married in Latvia in 1889, emigrated in 1890 and lived in Boston.

* William Blumenthal (1867-1945) emigrated to Michigan in 1888 where he married Anna Sempliner in 1895. They ran a general store in Howell. After her death, William married Louisa Urbani in 1925. They lived in Detroit. A clothing merchant, he did not have any children.

* Raisa Blumenthal Jaffe (1868-1936) married Meyer Jaffe. They lived in Žagaré, Lithuania, and would visit family in Riga (where Raisa died). Raisa and Meyer did not emigrate but all five of their sons did, to Cleveland, Ohio (two subsequently moved to California).

* Harry Blumenthal (1871-1951) emigrated to Michigan where he ran his own store in Standish. He did not have any children.

* Feige Blumenthal Fain (1877-1941) married Jankel Fain in October 1900 in Sabile where they lived before moving to Riga. They had two daughters: Gita, who (with her husband and son) was a victim of the Holocaust, and Cipora (who had two sons), who survived the war. Feige Fain and others living in Riga were deported in 1941 and killed; the precise death dates for Feige ("Fannie") and Jankel ("Jacob") Fain are unknown.

* Julius Blumenthal (1879-1947) emigrated to Michigan. He and his wife Olga Mark had three children (one died as a baby).

* Adolf Blumenthal (1880-1959) and his wife Hantze did not have any children. They lived in Winthrop, Massachusetts where they ran a general store (listed as a clothing store on the 1940 census).


Chaim Shmuel and Chassah Blumenthal's eldest son Jacob Saul Blumenthal and grandson Paul died during the period when thousands of Jews living in Latvia, including the Blumenthal family of Sabile, were expelled from the country in 1915 and deported to interior Russia (not all returned to Sabile in 1917-1918).

Raisa Blumenthal's husband Meyer Jaffe was from Lithuania, where their five sons were born (in Žagaré, near the Latvian border). Raisa Jaffe died in Riga, Latvia, where her sister Feige Fain and family lived. Her permanent address was listed as Žagaré. Raisa likely often visited Riga as there are studio photos of the sisters and children taken there.

A number of Jewish cemeteries in Latvia were destroyed during and after WWII; others were abandoned. These could include the graves of those in the family who died and were buried prior to the Holocaust: Chaim Shmuel and Chassah Blumenthal (likely buried in Sabile), as well as their daughter Raisa Jaffe (likely buried in Riga).

Most of the Jews of Latvia (over 95,000 prior to WWII) were killed during the German occupation (1941-44). Chaim and Chassah's granddaughter Gita was sent to the Riga ghetto in 1941 and likely died there (as did her husband) or she and their son were among the some 30,000 Jews from the Riga ghetto (and elsewhere) who were murdered in late 1941, as commemorated at the site of the Rumbula Memorial (where one can find others named Blumenthal). Prior to WWII, some members of the Blumenthal and Jaffe families emigrated to the U.S. from the port city of Liepaja, Latvia. The Liepaja Massacre Victims memorial page includes some 7,000 names of the victims of the June 1941 massacre of the Jews of Liepaja, where there are many family names, including (with these spellings): Blumental, Jaffe, Joelson and Mandelstamm.

Two great-grandsons inherited Chaim Shmuel's name: Harold Kahn (1917-2002) and Harold Samuel Spear (1927-1993). Harry Jaffe (1903-1971) was perhaps also named after his great-grandfather.


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