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 Anita <I>Newcomb</I> McGee

Anita Newcomb McGee

Washington, District of Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA
Death 5 Oct 1940 (aged 75)
Washington, District of Columbia, District Of Columbia, USA
Burial Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA
Plot Section 1 Lot 526-B Grid K/L-34.5
Memorial ID 2274 · View Source
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Medical Pioneer. Born Anita Newcomb, she was the first woman US Army Surgeon and founder of the US Army Nurse Corps. After earning her doctor of medicine degree from George Washington University in 1892, she completed an internship at the Women's Clinic in Washington, D.C. and studied gynecology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, Dr. McGee was named acting Assistant Surgeon General of the US Army, making her the first and only woman permitted to wear an officer's uniform. She helped the US Navy establish a nursing corps and in 1899, wrote a manual on nursing for the military. She was instrumental in organizing the first 1,600 nurses who served during the conflict and wrote the Army Reorganization Act of 1901, which established the Army Nurse Corps as a permanent unit. In 1904, during the Russo-Japanese War, she offered her services to the Japanese government. She was designated with the rank of Superior Nurse Army officer and the Japanese government honored her with the Imperial Order of the Sacred Crown. In civilian life, she continued her studies in eugenics and lectured on a variety of medical subjects, including women in the military. She also lectured on hygiene at the University of California.

Bio by: John "J-Cat" Griffith

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 1 Jan 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 2274
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Anita Newcomb McGee (4 Nov 1864–5 Oct 1940), Find A Grave Memorial no. 2274, citing Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .