US Senator and Congressman, Signer of Constitution. He attended Yale in his native Connecticut with the desire to become a minister, but his involvement as an army chaplain during the Revolutionary War changed his career path. While in the Army the young theologian began to study law. Following the war he was encouraged to move to Georgia to help establish the frontier state's education system. He moved there in 1784 establishing a law practice near Augusta. In 1785 he was elected to the state legislature where he used his seat to establish reforms to the state's education system. These reforms led to the establishment of the University of Georgia. He served as the school's president from 1786 to 1801. IN 1785, 1787 and 1788 he was a member of the Continental Congress as well as a delegate to the new nation's Constitutional Convention. As a conscientious delegate seeking the best for his country he changed his stance on the issue of representation based on population in the soon to be formed legislative body, opting to side with smaller states who desired equal representation for each state. His change caused a tie vote which eventually led delegates to adopt what became known as "The Great Compromise". After the Convention he continued to aid Georgia and his nation by serving in Congress from 1789 to 1799. In 1799 he was elected to the US Senate and served in that capacity until his death in 1807.
Bio by: Bigwoo